Quifel Natural Resources is part of Portugals Quifel Group, a holding company controlled by Portuguese aristocrat, businessman and amateur racing-car driver Miguel Maria de Sá Pais do Amaral, and is involved in multiple sectors, from insurance and real estate to agriculture and energy. Its’ first agricultural endeavors were in Brazil, but increasing land prices there pushed the company’s attention to Africa. The company acquired large land concessions in coastal East African countries for oilseeds, and West African countries for fruit and vegetables. Quifel Agribusiness (SL) Ltd, incorporated in 2008 in Sierra Leone, holds three leases for 49 years each (extendable by 20 years) in Port Loko region. Signed by local chiefs in 2009, information of the leases remains unclear both internationally and locally, and as the leases were negotiated directly with the local chiefs the Minister of Agriculture was unaware of the existence of the deals. At least one protest is recorded, in response to Quifel clearing plots for test plantings cassava and rice belonging to unsuspecting landowners. Although Quifel initially stated their intentions were to grow palm oil for agrofuels, according to a 2011 report by OI they grow small plots of pineapple for Africa Felix Juice (for export), and intend to grow other food crops for local and regional markets. Quifel promised jobs, compensation for land lost, health care, and increased infrastructure, but those suffering from clearing of their lands have reported none of these have developed. The agreement is riddled with potential for corruption: the lack of transparency, the lack of agreement with the national government, the lack of an ESHIA, and in Loko Massama Chiefdom the absence of a Paramount Chief, the body Quifel has agreed to pay rent, has led to Quifel withholding all rent payment until one is chosen and high tensions in the chiefdom due to perceived benefits of the job. Quifel Natural Resources website simply states it is conducting oil seed trials in Africa, and no website was found for Quifel Agribusiness. The status of the project is unknown.