Last update:
2014-04-08

Quilomboas of Conceicao das Crioulass struggle for land and water in Salgueiro/PE, Brazil

Description:

The quilombola community of Conceicao das Crioulas is located in the municipality of Salgueiro, in the central interior of Pernambuco, 550 km from Recife. It has about 750 families and its main economic activities are family farming, ranching and small-scale production in natural fibers, straw and clay. Local people has been fighting for many years for recognition of their territory that has been occupied by large scale farmers for a long time.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Quilomboas of Conceicao das Crioulass struggle for land and water in Salgueiro/PE, Brazil
Country:Brazil
State or province:Pernambuco
Location of conflict:Salgueiro
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:
Land
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Project area:18000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1987
Company names or state enterprises:Local farmers from Brazil
Relevant government actors:Fundacao Cultural Palmares - FCP, Ministerio do Desenvolvimento Agrario - MDA, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Associacao Quilombola de Conceicao das Crioulas
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Quilombolas
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Property damage due to fire in one of the community buildings.
Development of alternatives:Recognition of their title over their territory
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite the titling of part of the territory of the community, the majority still remains under farmers control.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Comunidade Quilombola de Conceicao das Crioulas luta por demarcacao de territorio tradicional. In: Access in: May 11, 2013.
[click to view]

ASSOCIACAO QUILOMBOLA DE CONCEICAO DAS CRIOULAS. Nova cartografia social dos povos e comunidades tradicionais do Brasil, 6. In: Access in: May 11, 2013.
[click to view]

LEITE, Maria Jorge dos Santos. CONCEICAO DAS CRIOULAS: terra, mulher e identidade etnica no Sertao de Pernambuco. Mestrado em Sociologia. Universidade Federal do Ceara Universidade Regional do Cariri. Fortaleza. 2001. Disponível em: Acesso em: 07 abr. 20
[click to view]

SOUZA, Vania Rocha Fialho Paiva e. Conceicao das Crioulas, Salgueiro (PE) in O’Dwyer, Eliane Cantarino. Quilombos, identidade etnica e territorialidade. Editora FGV, Rio de Janeiro, 2002.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

COMISSAO PRO-INDIO DE SAO PAULO. Comunidades quilombolas do Estado de Pernambuco: Conceicao das Crioulas. In: Acess in: 07 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

INCRA e imitido na posse de area do territorio quilombola Conceicao das Crioulas (PE). Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria, 04 jun. 2012. In: Acess in: 09 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014
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