The Rawatbhata nuclear power station (RAPS) is built at Rawatbhata, District Chittorgarh, near the Maharana Pratap Dam in Rajasthan. There are 6 Units operating today. The first two Indian PHWRs- RAPS-I and RAPS-2 were taken up for construction as a joint venture with Canada in the 60s. They are situated in Rawatbhata, a remote village in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan and about 64 kilometres from the industrial town of Kota.
The land selected is in between the Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Gandhi Sagar Dam at the right bank of the Chambal river. The water from the reservoir meets the requirement of nuclear power stations. The site is ideally located and also well connected by the Railways. Commercial operation of RAPS-I began in December 1973. However, during the construction of RAPS-2 the Canadian support was abruptly withdrawn after the peaceful nuclear experiment conducted by India in 1974 at Pokharan. But, Indian know-how and capability largely helped in its advancement. RAPS-2 started commercial operation in 1981. Overcoming the initial teething problems both the plants are now working at optimum capacity levels  Beside the already operating reactor, the Union Government has given financial sanction for establishment of two new power reactors of 700 MW capacity each at the Rawatbhata Atomic Power Station (RAPS) in Rajasthan  The capacity of RAPS would go up to 2,580 MW after the projects completion in 2016-17 [1, 3,5 ] The Units 3 & 4 of the Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS-3 & 4) were dedicated to the nation on March 18, 2001 by the then Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The Union Government has given financial sanction for establishment of two new power reactors of 700 MW capacity each at the Rawatbhata Atomic Power Station (RAPS)in 2010 .
After nuclear disaster in Fukushima (Japan), locals in Rajasthan s Chittorgarh district have expressed concerns due to the proximity of their homes to the Rawatbhata nuclear power plant. Local people consider the project as vulnerable in wake of an occurrence of an earthquake or flood. According to locals, in case of an accident the leaks from the reactors core can be extremely dangerous and threatening in the surrounding community . Environmentalists fear that in the future heavy downpour could damage the dams and wash out the plant completely. This will expose locals to harmful radiations. If the cooling system of the nuclear reactor ever fails, the toxic elements from the plant could mix in the water from the lake. This would be hazardous for the population living here and in the nearby villages. The radiation will have prolonged affects in the 16-kilometer stretch of Rawatbhata and will continue to haunt the residents of nearby villages for a long time. Meanwhile, local medical institutions say there has been a striking rise in the number of abortion and cancer cases in this region in the last few years. Doctors attribute this condition to the increasing radiations from the nuclear plant, which is beginning to affect the overall population .
There are also safety concerns about the workers in the plant. As reported by various newspapers that in June 2012, about 38 workers in the Rawatbhata Atomic Power Station (RAPS) being exposed to tritium leak while working in the reactor no. 5. [4,8] The RAPS had two pressurized heavy water reactors commissioned in the seventies. Recently the rehabilitation and safety upgradation process was carried out to increase their longevity. With the commissioning of another two units and a Heavy Water Plant operating nearby, Rawatbhata has become the largest nuclear centre of the country.