Last update:
2014-04-08

Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS), India

Description:

The Rawatbhata nuclear power station (RAPS) is built at Rawatbhata, District Chittorgarh, near the Maharana Pratap Dam in Rajasthan. There are 6 Units operating today. The first two Indian PHWRs- RAPS-I and RAPS-2 were taken up for construction as a joint venture with Canada in the 60s. They are situated in Rawatbhata, a remote village in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan and about 64 kilometres from the industrial town of Kota.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS), India
Country:India
State or province:Rajasthan
Location of conflict:Rawatbhata; District- Chittorgarh
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Dams and water distribution conflicts
Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:
Water
Uranium
Titanium ores
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

It has six nuclear power reactors at present with the total installed capacity of 1,180 MW. [1]

Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:20
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Atomic Energy of Canada Limited from Canada
Nuclear Power Corporarion of India Ltd (NPCIL) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Government of Rajasthan
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:National Alliance of Peoples Movements [NAPM], People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament & Peace (CNDP), : The local section of BJP also opposed the plant.
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
The locals, supported by the local BJP unit, had even called for a bandh in June 2012 at Rawatbhata on the safety issue issue surrounding the plant. Supported by hundreds of locals and party workers, BJP leaders from the area led a major protest rally, which ended in mass arrests. Those arrested were later released. The locals were also demanding development of infrastructure around the RAPS site [10].
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Local BJP leaders organised rally proceeded towards the RAPS site. Later, the agitators submitted a memorandum to the additional district magistrate in support of their demands [10]
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Compensation:::New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study:::Strengthening of participation
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

[4] Irradiated Lives: Contractual Workers at the Rawatbhata Nuclear Power Plant - See more at:
[click to view]

[1] Nuclear India
[click to view]

[2] Fear of radiation grips locals residing near Rajasthans Rawatbhata nuclear power plant
[click to view]

[3] Centres nod for two power reactors
[click to view]

[5] IAEA team raised serious safety issues at Rawatbhata, say activists
[click to view]

[6] Activists cast doubts over IAEA review of Rajasthan atomic power plant
[click to view]

[7] Safety review of Rawatbhata plant underway
[click to view]

[8] Rawatbhata nuclear power station reports another tritium leak
[click to view]

[9] RAJASTHAN ATOMIC POWER STATION : THE PRIDE OF THE NATION
[click to view]

[10] BJP, locals protest against proposed nuke site at Rawatbhata
[click to view]

Down To Earth - Deaf to nuclear plant protests
[click to view]

The New York Times - Farmers Fight Nuclear Plant in Bid to Save Land
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Is India s nuclear industry safe?
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Swapan Kumar Patra

Other comments:[email protected]
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Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
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