In 2008, a ban on metallé mining is sanctioned in the province of Córdoba (it does not affect mining activities not linked to uranium or metals). To the present (2021) Provincial social mobilization has defended this legislation of several attempts to repeal it. In the context of provincial anti-mining struggle, high social sensitivity is generated with mining activity. The province of Córdoba has a tourist and agricultural character that movements indicate as incompatible with large-scale mining .
in the municipality of the tapias is located An old mine for low-scale extraction of products such as quartz, feldspar and mica that already produced a decisions ago with neighboring localities by explosions and powders suspended in the air that were generated . However, the interest of exploring the potential to explore large-scale lithium minerals unleashed a local mobilization that leads to the local ban on large-scale mining in this locality.
In January 2019 the deliberative council of the Tapias (Córdoba) unanimously approves an ordinance that prohibits large-scale mining in that jurisdiction and the circulation of materials from it by its ejido. This ordinance was promoted by Les Vecines Organizes in Local Assemblies. Similar legislations had been approved in the neighboring city of Villa Dolores and in Villa de las Rosas. Thus, these three contiguous districts of translasaw are opposed to large-scale farms. Caravans from three zones of the valley, and protesters with surroundings and banners, celebrated the decision of the authorities of the tapias .
Around 2017 the company Pampa Lithium S.A, controlled by 25% by Australian Dark Horse  acquires 34,000 hectares with licenses for exploration and expansion of existing mines in the walls. The mine is located 0.4 km from the School of the Tapias, 1.6 km from Plaza de Villa de Las Rosas and 700 meters from the Laby Diaper Coast (Villa Dolores water source) .
This mine was a source of beryl (a mineral associated with lithium), for several periods from 1938 to 1965. Sources indicate that the mine contains zones of up to 80% of Espodumene with some crystals up to 3 meters long. The Espodumene contains an average degree of 5.5% lithium oxide. Since 1978, the mine has been in sporadic production of quartz, feldspar and mica. Dark Horse is investigating the existing underways and tailings in search of significant lithium content on pegmatite, as well as exploring other areas close to detail to detect the existence of Espodumene .
The lack of information from the authorities caused the concern to grow throughout the valley. In more than 10 locations, neighborhood assemblies were made, which were manifested emphatically against the project. "A large-scale exploitation will impact the neighbors, because, not being able to wash in the province because a law prevents it, lithium would be extracted in the form of stone, but at a very high scale, and that produces high levels of dust and debris that damage air and water, which is our tourist capital "(Biologist Gerardo Coria, from the Environmental Forum of Traslasierra. 
On the contrary, the director of Mining of the Province, said referring to the Espodumeno: "It is a mineral that does not present any health problems." The same official confirmed that Dark Horse would not have found the amount of expected Espodumeno, convenient for his investment, so it is estimated that no There would be real interest in an effective exploitation . Despite the sayings of the government, the intense neighborhood struggle seems to have had a remarkable role in changes in mining plans.
The environmental forum translasier was complained, first of all, by the High information and argued that the closest locations, mainly the tapias, Villa de las Rosas and Villa Dolores, would be deeply harmed and affected, among other variables, by the toxic dust that occurs during primary extraction and processing of mineral. 
Les Nevities argue that lithium removal will produce environmental problems such as water pollution, impact on the landscape of translasier, the destruction of sensitive ecosystems , the damage of the Flora and Fauna Serrana, and the generation of solid and chemical waste. Among the main loss of lithium to human health, the burns, nose irritation and throat, exudations inside the bronchi and pulmonary edema, with light poisoning that can culminate with death .
"The lack of information about the precision and delicacy with which the subject should be taken is worrisome. It is the opportune moment for mobilization and thus visible something that is evident: that no authority is informing neighbors and this only generates concerns and doubts, "they assured from the forum in a statement, from which it is intended when action of the municipal, provincial and national authorities, which have not yet been expressed about it .
as a more immediate measure, the Assembly was established at the end of 2018 In rejection of the lithium mine, which also brings together the Human Rights Bureau of Traslasierra, the Mesa Human Rights La Paz, the Environmental Assembly La Paz-Luyaba, the Environmental Assembly of Arroyo de los Ducks and the Socialist Left of Saint Vincent , which together is performing awareness, dissemination and communication activities in the area.
"The most serious problem is that none of the companies has delivered so far The final environmental impact report that by law must raise To the Secretariat of Energy and Mining of the Nation, and yet they are working in the area with total freedom, "said Claudia Ulloa, member of the Assembly, urban challenges. "In addition to the first reports we carry out in conjunction with the Forum, we intend to convene the National University of Córdoba, to continue assessing the deep impacts that exploitation will have. But the essential thing is to be able to raise awareness of people, because this will harm us all, "he added. .
During 2019, the neighbors meet firms (11,000 faceliers and 35,000 virtual), present notes, carry out public demonstrations and systematize the information available from the project. These actions motivate some local officials and politicians not to publicly support the lithium project .
Although from the Minas Secretariat of the province it is reported that There would have been no good exploration results. The neighbors fear that "we have information that indicates that the lithium they found in a mine is not enough. But it can be added to that of other extractions, here or in other provinces. For us, the risk continues ".