The Chattarpur district of Madhya Pradesh in Central India is home to the Panna Tiger Reserve, which is an important ecosystem for various critically endangered or highly sensitive wildlife species. The reserve itself is part of Buxwaha forest, which is ecologically important because of its teak forest cover and watershed sourcing the Shyamri River (formerly considered one of the cleanest in the nation) . However, this vulnerable ecosystem has been threatened by transnational global giant Rio Tinto’s Bunder Diamond Mine proposed to open only a few kilometers away from the Panna Tiger Reserve and with 99% of its area within the forest [10, 11, 16]. Because it is a protected area, only forestry activities are permitted, making it very questionable as to whether the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests really did grant Rio Tinto Exploration India Private Limited the lease and rights while violating the Forest Conservation Act. Environmentalists and conservationists heavily criticized the mine for its potentially degrading practices . For example, the mine could lead to habitat loss for endangered tigers and this in turn affects their ability to move between reserves to find non-incestuous mates and diversify their gene pool. Drilling would lower the water table, dry the forests, and pollute the Shyamri river . At the mine itself, over 99% of mined ore would be wasted and dumped along with precious topsoil. The mining and processing equipment runs on diesel, which creates a lot of air pollution. Blasting, drilling, loading, and transportation also release a lot of fumes and dust contributing to such air pollution. All processes also generate much noise pollution, disturbing humans and many nearby wildlife populations .