Sanitary sewage on Varna beach, Bulgaria


In 2007 South Beach of Varna city was closed due to pollution of the sea water with sanitary sewage 8 times higher than the norms due to leakage from the escape channel. It is a repeating story of pollution of the beach since every year in case of heavy rains lots of tourists suffer from the luck of pumping station which is highly needed for the old part of the waste water system of the city.

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Basic Data
NameSanitary sewage on Varna beach, Bulgaria
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific CommoditiesWater

Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationUrban
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Environment and Waters, Black Sea Basin Directorate , Ministry of Economy: for Turism facilities
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Recreational users
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite of lots of municipal plans there is no agreement yet between state and local government about who should make the investments needed for modernisation of the old waste water treatment plant.
Sources and Materials



Milkova, T., S. Moncheva, and M. Slavova. 2007. Integrated and sustainable management of domestic wastewaters in pilot resorts on the Bulgarian Black sea coast. Sustainable management of domestic wastewaters in the Black sea coast, Black Sea Ecosystem Recovery Project (BSERP), Global Environmental Fund (GEF), United Nations Development Program, New York, New York, USA.


Environmental and Management Constraints on Tourism in Varna Bay, Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, in Ecology and Society
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Meta Information
ContributorTodor Slavov
Last update08/04/2014