En Français ci-dessous ------------ Given its fertile land and hydraulic resources, Northern Senegal (Saint-Louis region and the Senegal River valley) is coveted by the agri-business multinationals since the 2007-2008 food crisis with the support of the Senegalese national government. The latter, launched in 2009 the Great Offensive for Nature Abundance Program which aimed at easing the granting of arable land to foreign companies. Multinational of agro-fuels have also entered the game, presenting agro-fuels as a solution to Senegal's energy deficit. It is in this context that Senhuile S.A. arrived to Senegal. At the beginning, the project of Senhuile S.A. was intended to settle in the commune of Fanaye. The municipal council approved the acquisition of the lands by the foreign company without the preliminary consultation of the inhabitants who objected and on October 26, 2011, 20 villagers were injured and two died in a violent conflict. Then, President Abdoulaye Wade suspended the project in Fanaye but on March 20, 2012 he signed two presidential decrees through which he first downgraded the qualification of the Ndiaël reserve and then allocated 20,000 hectares (out of the 26,500 hectares of the former reserve) to Senhuile S.A. Only the remaining 6,500 hectares of the reserve were left for the use of the villagers. At least 37 villages depend on the Ndiaël reserve. The residents denounced the total lack of communication from the government and the company. They learnt about the installation of the project the day the machines began clearing their land. Until then, this reserve was exclusively a grazing area, but intensive exploitation would harm hydraulic and forest resources. On April 12, 2012 the newly elected President, Macky Sall, published a decree that cancelled the two decrees of March 20, 2012. On August 9, a delegation from Ndiaël was invited to Dakar to negotiate with the representatives of Senhuile. Yet three days before, on August 6, the President had already canceled his own decree of April 12 and thus confirmed the granting of the 20,000 hectares of the old reserve to Senhuile S.A., without consultation or communication addressed to the populations concerned. On August 9, the agribusiness promised the Ndiaël delegation not to use more than 10,000 hectares but the company was authorized to occupy the 20,000 hectares. The villages that depend on the resources and grazing areas of the Ndiaël have gathered within the Collectif de Ndiaël. The collective drafted a Memorandum and Points of Negotiation for the Affected Villages Collective by the Italian Senhuile-Senethanol Society, which was publicized by numerous international NGOs (Grain, Re: Common), and national (Enda Pronat). The Memorandum requested to repeal the decree of 6 August and demanded to carry on direct negotiations between the promoters of the project and the collective. Women have been involved in the mobilization from the beginning. They benefit the most from the pastoral activity because they look after the herds (cows, goats, sheep, horses and donkeys) and produce milk for home consumption and local markets. In 2016, a group of women took back a land by planting watermelon. National NGOs and networks such as Enda Pronat, the National Council for Rural Cooperation and Cooperation and the CRAFS Collective (for national land reform) work together to support affected communities, raise awareness and establish relay points with the press national. Promising jobs for local communities, less than 100 people work for Senhuile S.A. in 2016. The many hectares allocated to Senhuile S.A. have never been fully exploited, while the deforestation of the old reserve has already occurred. Currently, the company cultivates only 1,400 hectares for the production of rice, maize and peanut (source: Enda Pronat). The tension is high with farm workers who have demonstrated several times during the year 2017 to claim their salaries. In 2017, President Maky Sall has promised to resume 10,000 hectares out of 20,000. But this promise has still not taken place.