Severstals steel plant, Russia


In 1995 Nadezhda Fadeyeva and other Russian citizens from the town of Cherepovets brought an action in local court against Severstal, Russia’s largest iron-smelting company. They alleged that the level of air and noise pollution from Severstal’s steel plant located in their town exceeded the maximum emissions permitted by Russian law and made the area in which they lived, about 450 metres from the steel plant, unsafe for habitation. In fact, according to Russian law, the 1000 metre area surrounding the plant is deemed unsuitable for residential property. The applicants argued that they should be resettled in an environmentally-safe area.

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Basic Data
NameSeverstals steel plant, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Metal refineries
Specific Commodities
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationUrban
Company Names or State EnterprisesSeverstal from Russian Federation
Relevant government actorsCherepovets local court
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Court of Human Rights (ECHR)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersHuman Rights Centre 'Memorial'
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Noise pollution
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Development of AlternativesThe applicants argued that they should be resettled in an environmentally-safe area.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

Maximum emissions permitted under Russian law;

Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (the right to respect for private and family life, home and correspondence)


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Meta Information
ContributorIrene Pietropaoli
Last update08/04/2014