In the State of Portuguesa in Venezuela the Irish company Smurfit Kapa has 27.000 hectares of land planted with Eucaliptus, Pinus and Gmelina. Smurfits operations had serious repercussions for poor local peasant communities with limited access to land. The company started out by deforesting the area to harvest timber, which altered the course of waterways and consequently led to the loss of local animals, fish and plants that had served as sources of food for the local population. After destroying the forests, the company began to plant fast-growing tree species eucalyptus, pine and Gmelina arborea which have a drastic impact on underground water reserves due to the large amounts of water they consume. Plantations are aimed at providing raw material for its pulp mill located in Yaracuy State (MOCARPEL). In recent times, due to communities struggles, the government decided to seize the lands in the hands of Smurfit on the grounds that the land should be used to produce food.