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Solid Waste Management Plant Lamdeng Khunnou in Imphal, MN, India


Imphal Municipal Council planned for a Solid Waste Management Plant at Lamdeng Khunnou in the Imphal West district. The foundation stone for the plant was laid in February, 2009. The initial estimated cost of the project was Rs 25.80 crore. However after the completion, the cost escalated up to Rs 41.75 crore. The project was financed under the scheme “Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewable Mission” (JnNURM) [1]. The Department of Municipal Administration, Housing & Urban Development (MAHUD) was responsible for the construction of Plant. The project was completed by end of 2013 and was expected to be operational by 2014. A private construction company ‘Ramkey Envero Engineers Ltd’, based in Hyderabad was responsible for the execution of the project [2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict: Solid Waste Management Plant Lamdeng Khunnou in Imphal, MN, India
State or province:Manipur
Location of conflict:Village- Lamdeng Khunnou; District- Imphal West
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The solid waste treatment plant is located at Lamdeng in Imphal West district of Manipur state. Ramki Hyderabad Engineering Limited had built the plant under Department of Municipal Administration, Housing & Urban Development (MAHUD). The plant would convert the bio degradable solid wastes from Imphal city and its surrounding areas and will produce organic manures. The non-degradable materials are planned to be dumped in the large pit near the crushing unit. The total cost of the project was Rs 4175.66 lakh and it occupies about 88 acres of land [1]. The project got finance from the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) of Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India[2, 3].

Project area:35
Level of Investment:$6,805,771 (Rs 41.75 crore)
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:5,000-10,000
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:Ramkey Envero Engineers Ltd from India - Construction of the Project
Relevant government actors:Government of Manipur, Department of Municipal Administration, Housing & Urban Development (Government of Manipur), Imphal Municipal Counci
International and Finance InstitutionsJawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewable Mission (JnNURM) from India - Finance
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Joint action committee
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:The proposed plant was very close to the village so they were against dumping of waste materials and garbage of Imphal city at the proposed dump site.
The people were not ready to take any form of compensation. They also did not want to exchange their agricultural land with alternative agricultural fields [4].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The Joint Action Committee had objections regarding the following two issues:
Firstly, the proposed solid waste treatment plant requires only about 15 acres of land. The State Government planned more than the required land.
Secondly, the Committee had observed that earlier many projects were initiated by the government never become successful. These project acquired land but the projects were not materialized and the acquired land had also not returned to the land owners.
So they had decided that they should not accept the Government's plan to build a solid waste treatment plant at the village which will affect more than 80 acres of agricultural land and their livelihood [4].
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling)
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Tanya Chhabra, Anamika Paul, Mimansa Gulati, Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste in Northeastern States of India, International Journal of Environmental Research and Development. ISSN 2249-3131 Volume 4, Number 4 (2014), pp. 275-280
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Hope for a cleaner Imphal; Solid Waste Management Plant to be functional soon
[click to view]

[2] Disposal of waste at Lamdeng Khunou plant to start early 2014
[click to view]

[3] Solid Waste treatment plant to be ready in December
[click to view]

[4] Solid waste plant faces objection
[click to view]

[5] Solid waste plant faces objection
[click to view]

Solid waste plant likely in December
[click to view]

Trial run of Solid Waste Management Plant conducted
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/10/2014
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