The new LGV construction between Tours and Bordeaux is a huge project of 302 kilometers which permits many advantages. In a first place, this project has to permit a more efficient link between the territory and the European capitals like Paris, London or Amsterdam. Inaugurated in July 2017, the construction was built for 5 years as from 2012. However, a huge project like this one includes also many ecological problems and questionable ethics.
The first big problem is about the non-respect of ecology during the construction. Indeed, more than 223 vegetable and animal species lost their habitat during those 5 years, without any alternative for them.
In another way, there is a European scheme certifying special natural places for protection. It is called the Natura 2000 certification. With that, it is banned to build any building or to influence the environment with human constructions for each of those places. However, during the construction, more than 400 places of Natura 2000 were touched. Equally, many water flows were contaminated and touched.
By the way, companies have to reacreate 3500 green hectares (Eric BEZAT, 03/01/2018). This is a form of compensation for damages. Today, only 400 hectares were recreated. However, this is not everything. With the new line, many trains circulate each day. It produces a lot of noise.
In the law, it is banned to step over 60 decibelsin terms of noise. When a train circulate, it is 90 decibels, over 30 decibels above the authorized limitation (Emmanuelle OESTERLE, 07/25/2017). Every day, there ares125 round trips for the LGV which cross 113 French municipality. This means a lot of noise for the inhabitants. (Yleanna ROBERT, 07/02/2018)
Before the start of the construction, many demonstrations took place in the cities concerned by the LGV. During one of those demonstration, Claude Semin, director of the anti-LGV association of Caudeste said “We are confident that this project will never exist”. Unfortunately for the citizens touched, no real alternative was proposed, and the line is now in service.
Indeed, this project, despite the problems for the citizens, has a real place in the country development. It was complicated to find a viable alternative to the Bordeaux-Toulouse new line (Pati Bulaire, 06/05/2016). The two conflicts are closely linked and the issue of Toulouse-Bordeaux was dependent of the Tours-Bordeaux one.
However, the Tours-Bordeaux has a bigger influence on the country because of the direct connection with Paris, the French capital and business center of the country.
For the ecological aspect, an alternative was proposed, the construction as a compensation of 3500 new green hectares. The associations fight for this compensation to take place. An open-letter was written to the ex-ecological miniter Nicolas Hulot (Rédaction Langont, 03/01/2018) but no real answer was offered by the French government. The letter was about all those new green spaces and vegetation that the country needs. It insisted on the sites of Natura 2000 that would be damaged. Many associations qualified such projects (Tours-Bordeaux and Bordeaux.Toulouse) a the typical GPII ("grand projet inutile imposé"), and declared themselves « atterrées par les dommages environnementaux irréversibles qu’entraînerait la réalisation de ce grand projet inutile imposé ».