The Intact Forest Landscapes (IFL) in the Arkhangelsk region of northwest Russia is intensively logged by the timber sector, mainly by three companies, Pomor Timber, Arkhangelsk Pulp & Paper Mill (APPM) and the ICE Titan Group (Titan). These companies are considering to expand their production capacity, despite the fact that one of the most important IFLs, the Dvinsky Forest is in this region, which is an important habitat for many species. While 60% of the Dvinsky Forest has been proposed as a forest reserve area in 2008, conflicts exist over the area of protection and its boundaries. While Titan and APPM expressed support for the protection of the reserve and yet argue that its boundaries need to be renegotiated, Pomor Timber is strongly against the establishment of the reserve. Yet, the destruction of the forest is mainly driven by the demand from European, American and Australian companies, some of which are global brands. Greenpeace and WWF demand the protection of IFLs in this region, also arguing that the rights of indigenous peoples must be respected by these companies. These companies need to stop industrial logging (clear-cutting) of IFLs that are critical for biodiversity and many species under threat of extinction, and make the maps of their logging operations publicly available. Moreover, IFLs are also important as huge sinks of carbon and are more resilient to climate change than other forests. The Great Northern Forest is also home to hundreds of Indigenous communities, and other forest-dependent communities. Despite their presence in the territory, no mobilization from their part has been reported. Timber "mining" implies that once logging companies have fully extracted the harvestable wood from one area, they simply move their operations to a new area, without any long-term forest management strategy or afforestation activity in these fully-exploited areas.