Titiribí, Antioquia, Colombia


Se presenta un conflicto entre las grandes empresas mineras (Gran Colombia Gold y Sunward Resources) y la pequeña mineria.

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Basic Data
NameTitiribí, Antioquia, Colombia
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Mineral ore exploration
Mineral processing
Specific CommoditiesGold
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsSunward Resources, the 100%-owned Titiribi Project is located approximately 70 km southwest of the city of Medellin, Colombia, in Antioquia department, within the historical Titiribi mining district (estimated total production of 1.5 to 2 million ounces gold equivalent). Access is by paved highway from Medellin.

Titiribi hosts 4.63 million ounces gold, 6.22 million ounces of gold equivalent, and 654.4 million pounds of copper. It hosts an additional 6.01 million ounces gold, 6.53 million ounces of gold equivalent, and 216.3 million pounds of copper.

Gran Colombia Gold with the Zancudo project in the Titiribí mining district of Antioquia comprises an historical gold mine, the Independencia Mine, in the Middle Cauca Gold Belt that produced about 130,000 oz Au with recovered grades of 14.6 g/t Au & 108.4 g/t Ag. The Independencia Mine exploited an epithermal to mesothermal, intermediate sulphidation type vein system that was exploited over 3.5 km with known depths of over 900m. Gran Colombia Gold refurbished the 100 tpd in 2011 ahead of a potential production restart. Gran Colombia completed a drilling program in 2011 and expects to resume exploration in 2012 on its Zancudo concessions to identify new resources and to discover porphyry related mineralization.
Project Area (in hectares)4,000
Level of Investment (in USD)4500000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population500
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesGran Colombia Gold from Canada
Sunward Resources Ltd. from Canada
Relevant government actorsMinisterio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, Gobernacion de Antioquia, Policia Nacional, Corporacion Autonoma Regional de Antioquia, Instituto Colombiano de Geologia y Mineria (Ingeominas), Alcaldia del Municipio de Titiribí
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCensat Agua Viva - Colombia, Cedetrabajo, Pequeños y medianos mineros
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Land demarcation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.El caso de exploracion y explotacion en el municipio de Titiribí no puede ser considerado un caso de Justicia Ambiental debido a que en este momento el panorama normativo colombiano y municipal en materia minera respalda y promueve la implementacion de megamineria en la zona. Los titulos mineros se mantienen en manos de las multinacionales de origen canadiense, dejando solo el 2% de la riqueza total, asi como tambien enormes pasivos ambientales para la region.
Sources and Materials

El Código de Minas (Ley 685 de 2001) Tiene como objetivos fomentar la exploración técnica y la explotación de los recursos mineros de propiedad estatal y privada, conforme a principios y normas de

explotación racional de los recursos naturales no renovables y del ambiente.

El Código de Recursos Naturales: Esta norma surgió en 1974 como

principal respuesta de Colombia ante los acuerdos alcanzados en la Conferencia de Estocolmo sobre Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo.

[click to view]


Fierro, Julio. (2012) Politicas Mineras en Colombia. Bogota.


Gran Colombia Gold
[click to view]

Megaminas en Colombia
[click to view]

El Colombiano
[click to view]

Sunward Resources Ltd.
[click to view]

Other CommentsInformacion sobre reservas estimadas, 2013, https://ca.finance.yahoo.com/news/sunward-significantly-increases-measured-resources-124500505.html
Meta Information
ContributorMario Perez Rincon
Last update14/05/2014