Fifty years after its proposal, the Towke-Mukosi dam is under completion, stepping on human rights of about 20,000 left without proper home, land and livelihoods. Inexistence of compensatory mechanisms, inadequate food, shelter, sanitation, right to choose residence, misuse of humanitarian aid, coercion, use of force, harassment and arrests are ‘the way’ in which Zimbabwe Government managed the development scheme behind the largest dam in the country, according to a Human Rights Watch research . The construction works started in 1998, with the aim to provide irrigation water and electricity to the sugar cane estates and communal farmers of the province. The Italian firm Salini Impregilo was contracted to conduct the civil works, whose progress stalled repeatedly due to funding shortages. In April 2011, it was estimated that the project would be completed within 31 months at a cost of US$133.8 million. At the end of its construction, the price is reaching $300 million, funded by the Development Bank of Zimbabwe . During the various stages of the project the population surrounding the infrastructure suffered from improper resettlement practices and uneven compensatory mechanisms. Particularly, a flood event between December 2013 and February 2014 after an exceptional rainfall event left a mark in the history of the resettlement management. Many among victims, dam project workers and technicians claim that the flood could have been prevented through the water regulation tunnels in the dam wall. In spite of this, authorities declared that the floods were a “natural disaster resulting from climate change”, and water levels were stable until March 30. One conspiracy theory argues that the floods were deliberately induced by the government to get rid of those who resisted resettlement. As government did not have the needed US$19 million relocation costs for about 4,000 families, flooding the dam was “a quick and effective method of relocating the villagers” . At the outset of the construction, the government assessed that 6’393 families would need to be relocated and that each household would be compensated based on property evaluation based on the pre-flood situation. By the time of the flood, partly due to resistance from families who wanted to be compensated before relocation, the government had relocated just 712 of them. Right after the flood, the government turned the tables and renegotiated the conditions. The size of the plots on offer was resized, and victims were required to participate in the sugar cane commercial scheme. In fact, the security of the flood victims has to be framed around the disputes between private and governmental actors over ownership, land use and control over the areas initially designed as relocation sites -The Nuanetsi Ranch-, in order to be understood. Even if the available media sources and interviewed actors       provide divergent versions of the ‘backstage’ events, what emerges is sort of a ‘land rush’ in a scenario where business interest at stake are high. The land is registered in the name of the Development Trust of Zimbabwe (DTZ), a company controlled by the political party known as ZANU-PF. Apparently, politicians and private companies – among which the names of President Robert Mugabe, Vice-President Joice Mujuru Masvingo provincial minister Bhasikiti, DTZ resident director for Nuanetsi Charles Madonko and the business tycoon Billy Rautenbach stand out – shape the dispute over a development project consisting in safari, cattle, leather, crocodiles farming, sugar cane, and ethanol production. In the meanwhile, the 3,000 families on the disputed plot of land waiting for a permanent resettlement have not been getting adequate food, clean water, shelter, and other basic aid . Instead of being compensated because of their losses, they have been forced to be sugar cane farmers. While communities’ leaders said that flood victims do not want and never agreed to take part into sugar cane farming, Minister Bhasikiti warned that “anyone who resist relocation would be moved with force”, branding whoever resists as rebel or enemy of the state. Armed soldiers forced people to evict without their consent, following direct orders from President Mugabe. According to Human Rights Watch, flood victims said the government has subjected them to harassment, threats, physical violence, and used “cruel methods” while being resettled. Coercive measures include denying them food; limiting access to water; barring and diverting donations intended for their assistance; blocking toilets; and closing the satellite school and clinic near the camp. On August 3, 2014, over 200 anti-riot police indiscriminately beat and arrested close to 300 people. Many decided to hide in places far from the camp or were separated from their familiars. Hove's (2016) analysis concludes that flood victims are in the truth state victims.