Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) in Puglia, Italy


The Trans Adriatic Pipeline - TAP project is an infrastructure project for the construction of a pipeline that will transport natural gas coming from the fields of Shah Deniz II in Azerbaijan to the Italian coast for distribution in Europe. The pipeline is part of the larger project called the Southern Gas Corridor which includes the Trans Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) and the Trans Caspian Gas Pipeline.

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Basic Data
NameTrans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) in Puglia, Italy
ProvinceProvince of Lecce, Region Puglia
SiteMeledugno, San Foca
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe TAP pipeline will be a part, together with the Trans Caspian Gas Pipeline and the Trans Anatolian Pipeline, of the larger project of Southern Gas Corridor which will be used to supply the European market with alternatives to Russian gas.

The TAP pipeline, starting from the Greek - Turkish border, will be connected to the Trans Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP), and from there will pass through Greece, Albania, the Adriatic Sea till landing in San Foca in the municipality of Melendugno (Lecce), Italy.

The project has a total length of about 800 km of which the Italian section will consist of 45 km of offshore pipeline, and 8.2 km onshore and a Pipeline Receiving terminal (PRT) in the municipality of Melendugno, which is about 9 km from the landing point.

Once the pipeline reaches the PRT it must connect to the national SNAM with an arm extension of approximately 56 km. The connection will pass through the towns of Melendugno, Vernole, Castrì di Lecce, Lizzanello, Lecce, Torchiarolo, San Pietro Vernotico to reach the town of Mesagne near Brindisi. From Brindisi, with some modifications to the reception stations, the Azeri gas would then be distributed to northern Europe through a possible adjustment of the national network from Brindisi to Minerbio.

The pipeline will have an initial capacity of 10 billion cubic meters of gas per year, which may be increased up to 20 billion cubic meters.

The TAP consortium plans to start construction work on the pipeline in 2016 and begin operating the conduit for 2019.

The design idea of a gas pipeline linking the Azeri large fields with Europe has existed for a long time. Already in 2003, the EGL, now Axpo, had conducted feasibility studies for the project. In 2008 Statoil entered into a joint venture with EGL, creating TAP AG, for the management and construction of the pipeline.

In March 2009, Italy and Albania signed an inter-governmental agreement on cooperation in the field of electricity and gas.

Subsequently, in 2012 Italy, Greece and Albania signed in New York a memorandum of understanding for the construction of the pipeline. TAP thus began the marine surveys, by means of a platform in the water in front of San Foca, for the taking of samples and geotechnical analysis of soil.

The project presented by TAP received an initial rejection by both the EIA Commission of the Region of Puglia in 2012 and by the Ministry of Environment.

On September 10, 2013 TAP delivered a new project for the approval of the EIA to the Ministry of Environment.

On 14 January 2014, the EIA Commission of the Puglia Region rejected the new project.

Currently the project has received the approval of the EIA (with 48 prescriptions) from the Ministry of Environment through the decree DM-0000223 of 09/11/2014.

The next step will be to obtain Authorisation by the Conference of the Services of the Ministry of Economic Development.
Project Area (in hectares)800 Km (total length of pipeline)
Level of Investment (in USD)49,920,000,000.00 USD (40,000,000,000.00 € - Estimation of a private source. Since the project is private funded, the real amount of investment is not known)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population 9,861 (Melendugno inhabitants)
Start Date01/01/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesE. ON from Italy
Axpo from Italy
Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)
British Petroleum (BP) from United Kingdom
State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) from Azerbaijan
Statoil from Norway
Fluxys from Belgium
Total SA from France
Relevant government actorsMelendugno Municipality: ; Regione Puglia: ; ARPA (Regional Agency for Environmental Protection) :

International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
European Investment Bank (EIB)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComitato No TAP : - ; Cooperativa Il Delfino:; Associazione Tramontana: ; Reazione:,
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
The TAP holding has funded a number of initiatives during the summer 2014. Many artists have refused to take part in such events in protest against the Multinational. At the same events and concerts in support f the No TAP Committee that is fighting against the project have also been organized.
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherPotential losses during the summer season. These losses may be particularly important given the nature of the land and tourism potential.

Other potential losses may occur in the economy in the fishing industry that will be affected due to closure of the fishery in the waters involved in the laying of the pipeline, as well as due to water pollution from the resulting sludge.
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Despite various manifestations of dissent by the population, the NO TAP Committee, and the actions by local administration, the regional commission and the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, the project received the approval of the central government and is continuing its process towards realization.

Yet despite the final approval of the government to the implementation of the TAP gas pipeline project, the high level of citizens information and awareness about the project, not only locally but nationally, and the extent of mobilization created around the committees can be considered a success .
Sources and Materials

Ministry of Environment
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Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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Meledugno Municipality
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Regione Puglia
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Melendugno Municipality
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Tap AG, Intergovernmental agreement between Albania and Italy: important milestone for the Trans Adriatic Pipeline project achieved, 2009
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Statoil, Joins EGL in Trans Adriatic Pipeline Gas Project, 2008
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Statoil, Joins EGL in Trans Adriatic Pipeline Gas Project, 2008
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Il Fatto Quotidiano
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Lecce Prima
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La Repubblica on line
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Il Sole 24 ore
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Tap AG, Intergovernmental agreement between Albania and Italy: important milestone for the Trans Adriatic Pipeline project achieved, 2009
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Re:Common; "Ten reasons to say no to TAP"
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Italian musician Roy Paci opposes TAP (Italian)
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Other Documents

NO TAP logo
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TAP gas transportation plan Credits:
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San Foca beach credits:
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TAP Credis:
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No TAP Demonstration Credits:
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No TAP protests credits:
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Meta Information
ContributorAnnalisa Cavallini, CDCA - [email protected]
Last update18/12/2014