Last update:
2014-10-08

Tumarín hydroelectric Dam, Nicaragua

Description:

El Proyecto Tumarín está ubicado en la comunidad de La Cruz de Río Grande, Apawás en la Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur (RAAS). Según el informe oficial de la Central Hidroeléctrica de Nicaragua (CHN)-empresa concesionaria- será una central con una potencia instalada de 253 MW, generará en promedio de 1,184 GWH de energía por año, desviando las aguas del río Grande de Matagalpa.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Tumarín hydroelectric Dam, Nicaragua
Country:Nicaragua
State or province:Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur (RAAS)
Location of conflict: La Cruz de Rio Grande, Apawás.
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Potencia Instalada: 253 MW

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Project area:unknown
Level of Investment:1200,000,000.00
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:2,000
Start of the conflict:21/12/2009
Company names or state enterprises:Central Hidroeléctrica de Nicaragua S.A (CHN ) from Brazil - owner
Central Hidroeléctrica de Centroamérica S.A (CHC) from Brazil - owner
Queiroz Galvo from Brazil
Electrobras from Brazil
Relevant government actors:PartidoLiberal Constitucionalista (PLC) , Tribunal de Apelaciones de Juigalpa (TAJ), Ministerio de Energía y Minas (MEM). Gobierno de Nicaragua, municipalidad de La Cruz de Río Grande, Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARENA), Instituto Nicaragüense de Energía (INE),
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica (BCIE)
Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) from Brazil
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Comisión de Productores de Apawás, Centro Humboldt, Gobierno territorial Criol de Bluefields
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Strikes
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Migration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:-Los habitantes de La Cruz de Rio Grande exigen la suspensión de la construcción de ésta mientras el Estado no les garantice una indemnización consensuada y justa.
-Exigen la implementación de un plan de mitigación de daños ambientales en la zona afectada.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:La Comisión de Productores de Apawás ha logrado detener el proyecto durante 7 años y hacer escuchar sus demandas y propuestas de indemnización.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Ley de expropiaciones No. 229
[click to view]

Ley Especial para el desarrollo del Proyecto Hidroeléctrico Tumarín (2009)
[click to view]

Permiso de Construcción PH Tumarín
[click to view]

Ley de la Industria eléctrica No. 272
[click to view]

Permiso Ambiental PH Tumarín
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Mendoza, Christopher (2013) "What we know and don’t know about the Tumarín mega-project". Revista Envío, N 382, Mayo.
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Diario el 19. Nicaragua firma convenio para desarrollo de Hidroeléctrica Tumarín
[click to view]

Pobladores protestan, Tumarín con más atrasos
[click to view]

INE: Sequía frena a Tumarín
[click to view]

Proyecto Tumarín. Sitio oficial
[click to view]

Trinchera. Protestas contra Tumarín (2013)
[click to view]

El nuevo diario (2010) Surge resistencia contra Hidroeléctrica Tumarín
[click to view]

EFE. G1 Eletrobras e Queiroz Galvão vão construir hidrelétrica na Nicarágua (2013)
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Grettel Navas, Fundación Neotrópica
Last update08/10/2014
Comments
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