Uluabat Lake, Turkey


Uluabat Lake is one of the most important lakes of Turkey because of its biological diversity. The lake is declared as a Ramsar Area in 1998. In 2000, it has also become part of the Living Lakes network that ranks the most important lakes of the world. Despite its importance, Uluabat Lake is under threat due to ineffective implementation of local and national policies in the area. The lake and its basin are affected by many human-driven external factors. Dam constructions, domestic waste, industrial waste, overfishing, overuse of pesticides are the main issues.

See more...
Basic Data
NameUluabat Lake, Turkey
SiteKaracabey, Nilfer, Mustafakemalpaa
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific Commodities
Industrial waste
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCurrent situation in Uluabat Lake consists of the preparation of a management plan by the Ministry, putting it into practice and organizing periodical meetings. Currently, there is not a project being implemented in the area.
Project Area (in hectares)24623
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2007
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Environment, Provincial Environmental Directorate, Provincial Culture and Tourism Directorate, General Directorate for National Parks, Provincial Directorate of Agriculture, Uludag University, Golyazi Municipality, Mustafakemalpasa Municipality
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWWF, Society for the Protection of Nature, Tophane Rotary Club, Uludag Beekepeers Association, ULU-KUS Bird Watching Club, Protection and Promotion of the Environment and Cultural Heritage (CEKUL in Turkish acronym), Association of Turkish Travel Agencies (TURSAB in Turkish acronym)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherLoss of income, diffiulties in access to water
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Uluabat Lake Management Plan is not considered as an absolute success with regards to environmental justice. Although the plan has positive effects on the environment, no progress is gained on fishermens situation and imposes no sanctions for the industry that is responsible for the pollution on the lake.
Sources and Materials

Ramsar Convention
[click to view]


Ozesmi, U., Ozesmi, S., 2003, A Participatory Approach to Ecosystem Conservation: Fuzzy Cognitive Maps and Stakeholder Group Analysis in Uluabat Lake, Turkey, Environmental Management, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 0518-0531

'Evaluation of physical, chemical and microbiological properties of lake Uluabat, Turkey'
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorCeren Soylu
Last update01/03/2015