Last update:
2016-05-25

Unsanitary landfill Vrtijeljka, Montenegro

Due to protest by the local residents, the authorities closed the unsanitary landfill Vrtijeljka and promised the full rehabilitation of the site.


Description:

Vrtijeljka unsanitary dump site is located 6 km away from The Old Royal Capital of Cetinje and has been used for solid waste disposal since 1987. The conditions at the landfill do not meet environmental standards, as the landfill is not fenced, there is no ramp for control and charging, there is no lighting or hydro-isolation, and the access road is narrow and damaged. The solid waste is disposed directly on the ground as there are no impermeable bottom layers, so the waste water and leachate permeates and pollute the soil and probably groundwater. Frequent occurrence of waste burning has been reported.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Unsanitary landfill Vrtijeljka, Montenegro
Country:Montenegro
Location of conflict:Cetinje
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The dump site has a surface area of approximately 5,000 m2. In total 63,000 m3 of waste was disposed from 1987 to 2005 as indicated in the Republic Level Waste Strategic Master Plan (adopted in 2005). The average amount of waste deposited annually to this dump site landfill is 21,500 tonnes. The closest settlement is located 500 m from the dump site.

Project area:4.5
Level of Investment:Approx. 1,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:Around 1,000
Start of the conflict:11/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Project – Consulting Ltd (PROCON) from Montenegro - State founded National Project Implementation Unit in the Field of Communal Services and Environment
COWI from Denmark - International consultant, in charge of sanitation and rehabilitation of the dump site
Public Utility Company Cetinje from Montenegro - Delivery of garbage
Public Utility Company Budva from Montenegro - Delivery of garbage
Relevant government actors:Ministry for Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro; Cetinje Municipality; Local government.
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Commission (EC) - Financing the preparation of technical documentation and remediation
European Investment Bank (EIB) - Financing the preparation of technical documentation and remediation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local communities
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Industrial workers
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Roma
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow
Potential: Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:The local residents demanded from the local government to close and rehabilitate the dumpsite.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The dumpsite was officially closed in 2015. The sanitation and remediation process has not started yet.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Analysis of the Way of Collection, Transport and Treatment of Waste from Old Royal Capital of Cetinje and Preparation of Conceptual Design and Tender Documents for the Rehabilitation of “Vrtijeljka” Dumpsite Design and Tender Documents for the Rehabilitation of “Vrtijeljka” Dumpsite
[click to view]

Analysis of the Way of Collection, Transport and Treatment of Waste from Old Royal Capital of Cetinje and Preparation of Conceptual Design and Tender Documents for the Rehabilitation of “Vrtijeljka” Dumpsite
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

IZVJEŠTAJ O RADU I STANJU U UPRAVNIM OBLASTIMA IZ NADLEŽNOSTI MINISTARSTVA ODRŽIVOG RAZVOJA I TURIZMA ZA 2013. GODINU
[click to view]

PRILOG IZVJEŠTAJU EVROPSKE KOMISIJE O NAPRETKU CRNE GORE ZA 2013. za period 1. septembar 2013. - 1. april 2014.
[click to view]

I Z V J E Š T A J

o stanju uredjenja prostora Prijestonice Cetinje za 2015. godinu
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Mještani Zagrablja odblokirali „Vrtijeljku“
[click to view]

Sanitation and remediation of dumpsite “Vrtjeljka” in Old Royal Capital Cetinje
[click to view]

Lakše se diše: jenjava požar na cetinjskoj deponiji
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Mještani Zagrablja zaustavili istovar smeća iz Budve
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Mještani Zagrablja obustavili blokadu deponije
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Mještani Zagrablja zaustavili istovar smeća iz Budve
[click to view]

DESIGN AND REHABILITATION OF VRTIJELJKA DUMPSITE IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF CETINJE, MONTENEGRO - Direkcija javnih radova Podgorica
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

DEPONIJA CETINJE- TV VIJESTI
[click to view]

Other documents

Residents of Zagrablje protesting One day blockade of the access road of unsanitary landfill Vrtijeljka by residents of Zagrablje, August 2012
[click to view]

Unsanitary landfill Vrtijeljka near Cetinje Fire and smoke on dump site Vrtijeljka in Zagrablje near Cetinje, December 2011
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update25/05/2016
Comments
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