UPM (Ex-Botnia), Uruguay

Description

UPM (de origen finlandes) es una de las principales productoras de celulosa a nivel global. En Uruguay adquirio -en el 2009- el 100% accionario de Botnia, famosa por el conflicto que genero entre los gobiernos de Uruguay y Argentina a raiz de la instalacion de unas de las fabricas de celulosa mas grande del mundo. UPM es uno de los mayores latifundistas de Uruguay con un total de aprox. 250 mil hectareas de tierra bajo forestacion con eucaliptos destinados a abastecer su fabrica de celulosa ubicada en el Departamento de Rio Negro. Ha ocupado los mejores suelos del pais - suelos de pradera, valiosos ecosistemas- otrora destinados a la produccion de alimentos. La forestacion es una de las causas que llevan al desplazamiento de los productores nacionales, a la concentracion y extranjerizacion de la tierra.

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Basic Data
NameUPM (Ex-Botnia), Uruguay
CountryUruguay
SiteDepartamentos de Rio Negro y Paysandu
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Water access rights and entitlements
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesCellulose

Sugar
Eucalyptus
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsProduccion de celulosa: 1,1 millon de toneladas de celulosa blanqueada por anho, de eucalipto 300 empleos directos en la fabrica de celulosa 250, 000 hectreas forestadas la inversion para la fabrica de celulosa fue de 1.200 millones de dolares
Project Area (in hectares)250000
Level of Investment (in USD)1200000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Company Names or State EnterprisesUPM from Finland
Relevant government actorsMinisterios de Medio Ambiente, Economia y Finanzas., Presidencia de la republica
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) from Japan
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGrupo Guayubira, WRM
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Pastoralists
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Potential: Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Criminalization of activists
Deaths
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Development of AlternativesLos grupos sociales estan trabajando para frenar el avance de la forestacion con especies exoticas en el pais.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials
Links

Grupo Guayubira
[click to view]

WRM
[click to view]

Media Links

Video 'Impactos de la Forestacion en Uruguay'
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorTeresa Perez
Last update08/04/2014
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