Last update:

Vasove Vode Illegal Landfill, Montenegro

The citizens of Berane managed to close the illegal landfill Vasove vode in 2014, however they are still waiting for remediation of the site.


The decision on landfill location was made in 1995, while sanitary landfill and a recycling center were constructed seven years ago with no public opposition.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Vasove Vode Illegal Landfill, Montenegro
Location of conflict:Berane municipality
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Medical waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Around one million tons of waste was disposed on this illegal dump including medical waste. Transporting garbage to the landfill in Bar costs 13,520 US dollars /month. Around 5,000 people got sick, and nearly 1,600 had seek help in the hospital.

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Project area:6.8
Level of Investment:12,570,000
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:Up to 30,000
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Geotin inžinjering d.o.o. - Author of "Control measurements of the relevant lengths at the site Vasova voda"
Flemer stone d.o.o. - Author of "Waste Management Plan for the area of Berane Municipality 2010-2014"
Environmental Protection company ERICO Velenje - Author of "A study on the assessment of the need for the audit of the Strategic Master Plan for Waste Management in Montenegro and recommendations for the organization of waste management by 2030"
PUC “Komunalno” Berane - Responsible of dumpsite, collecting waste and elaboration of Spatial planning document for the project
Security Center Berane - Providing assistance to the Communal Police in breaking the blockade
Eko Montenegro d.o.o. - Author of "Selecting a location of the sanitary landfill for communal waste for municipalities Berane, Rožaje, Andrijevica i Plav"
Urban projekt Podgorica from Montenegro - Author of the second EIA „Elaborat procjene uticaja na životnu sredinu za projekat sanacije odlagališta otpada i izgradnje regionalnog centra za obradu otpada za Berane, Rožaje, Andrijevicu i Plav, na lokaciji Vasov do“
Medix d.o.o Podgorica from Montenegro - Author of the first EIA „Elaborat procjene uticaja na životnu sredinu izgradnje regionalne sanitarne deponije u opštini Berane“
Relevant government actors:Municipality Berane; Montenegro Police; Ministry of Health of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry for Spatial Planning and Environment of Republic of Montenegro; Environmental Protection Agency of Republic of Montenegro; Committee on Tourism, Agriculture and Environment of Republic of Montenegro
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Investment Bank (EIB) - Investor
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:NGO „Ozon“; NGO MANS; NGO „Green home“
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Negotiated alternative solution
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Because of inconsistencies in the law, NGOs and Citizents of Beranselo demanded from the Municipal authorities to prohibit further disposal of the waste at Vasove vode, do urgent rehabilitation of the current site, and build a new modern sanitary landfill and recycling center at the appropriate location.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:According to information from 2016 (two years after closure) sanitation of the Vasove vode illegal landfill did not started yet.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Berane: Odblokirana deponija Vasove Vode
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Iz drugog ugla: Beranska „ekološka“ farsa se nastavlja
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Berane: Otpad mora pred skupštinu Crne Gore
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Deponija na Vasovim vodoma i dalje tačka sporenja seljana i opštine : Beranselci nezadovoljni elaboratom
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Kako će regionalni centar za obradu otpada u Beranama uticati na okolinu: Danas javna rasprava o Vasovim vodama
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Blockade of Vasove vode landfill
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Novac niz potok, sanacija teška
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Za deponovanje čvrstog otpada još nema rješenja: Vasove vode „nagrizaju“ i budžet
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Iz drugog ugla – Vasove vode: Na braniku konfuzije
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Citizens urge authorities to remove waste site in Montenegro
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Foto-video priča: Vasova Voda, MZ Beranselo, Berane (update)
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Vasove vode: Sanacija smetlišta ostala mrtvo slovo na papiru
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Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update25/05/2016
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