Ventura Timber Corporation (VTC) has an enduring history of “corporate irresponsibility” in Surigao del Sur and Agusan del Norte, related to mining and logging activities ; the latter the focus of this entry. During 1983 and 2008, the company held a Timber License Agreement (TLA), covering 2,762ha, which after expiry was applied to be converted into an Integrated Forestry Management Agreement (IFMA). VTC’s logging activities are located on ancestral lands of the Mamanwa-Minobo tribes, represented by the Kahugpongan sa Tribong Manobo Mamanwa (KATRIMMA) organization, who fears irreversible loss of livelihoods and negative impacts on their lives and culture . Deforestation would further result in heavy floods during the rainy season, which in turn is a common cause of heavy soil erosion. Floods moreover would lead to siltation of the nearby coastal areas and the destruction of eight marine sanctuaries located in Cortes municipality .