Last update:

Warraq Island Evictions, Egypt

Marginalized residents of Al-Warraq are under the threat of being evicted as development plans are projected for the Nile Island.


Al-Warraq island is located in the center of the Nile River and administratively falls under the Giza governorate. It is inhabited by around 90,000 residents who work in agriculture, fishing and various crafts. The islanders complain about poor sanitation sewage networks and contaminated drinking water [1]. Families of fishermen first made al-Warraq their home in 1952 after the island was abandoned by the government and later generations started farming the land. The residents of the island had to sustain themselves by building houses and manage their own informal services for daily needs [2]. The government later introduced some services and the island now has a hospital, police station, post office, water station and three public schools.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Warraq Island Evictions, Egypt
State or province:Giza
Location of conflict:Warraq Island
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The development plans for the Islands are unclear.

Project area:526
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:90,000 - 100,000
Start of the conflict:16/07/2017
Company names or state enterprises:Cube Consultants (CUBE) from Egypt - Prepared the strategic urban development plan of the greater Cairo region: Cairo vision 2050.
Raglan Squire & Partners (RSP) from Singapore - Development Plans of the Island
Relevant government actors:Armed Forces’ Engineering Authority
Egyptian National Police
The General Organization for Physical Planning (GOPP) -
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Informal workers
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Deaths, Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsDifficult Access to Healthcare
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Violent targeting of activists
Project temporarily suspended
Development of alternatives:Residents of Warraq island also submitted a list of demands, including the release of the detainees, who were arrested during clashes that erupted when security forces attempted to remove some buildings on the island in July. The residents also demanded that the family of Sayed Hassan al-Gizawy, who was killed during the clashes, be compensated. The residents say they have been residing on the island legally for more than 50 years, and if the state wants to reclaim their land, they must be provided with alternative accommodation on the island and compensated for any lost property.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:While the demolition was stopped, it is unclear what the next steps of the Egyptian government will be. For now, the residents of Al-Warraq were able to stay in their homes but since the plans for the island were not made public, it is hard to know what might happen in the future.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[3] - Battle over the Nile
[click to view]

[4] - Two companies are developing plans for the island of Al-Warraq .. And «housing» denies (Arabic)
[click to view]

[7] - Photos and video: Warraq residents clash with security forces over demolition
[click to view]

[1] - Following deadly clashes, Nile island residents keep up fight against evictions
[click to view]

[5] - Horus Island Project by CUBE Consultants
[click to view]

[6] - Deputy Governor reveals the establishment of a huge tourist project in Al-Warraq (Arabic)
[click to view]

[8] - Egypt evicts low-income island squatters in Cairo to make way for Gulf-funded megaproject
[click to view]

[9] - Sissi attempts to reassure Warraq island residents
[click to view]

[2] - Smothering Cairo’s Lungs: A Story of Al-Warraq Island
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

A video documenting the aftermath of Sunday’s clashes - Mada Masr
[click to view]

Clashes with Police after death of an activist - Al-Araby
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Christophe Maroun - [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.