Wind farm at Volovja reber, Slovenia

Elektro Primorska, a state owned firm, wanted to build a massive wind farm at the Natura 2000-listed Volovja reber but its plans were thwarted by environmental opposition.


Elektro Primorska, a company for distribution of electricity with majority state ownership, wants to build windmills on Volovja reber. Despite the fact that previous research indicated that Volovja reber is inappropriate for building windmills due to high vulnerability of the natural environment, in 2002 the activities to obtain the licence got underway. And although the State Institute for Nature Protection issued an expert opinion that windmills would have an unacceptably high impact on nature, the Environmental Agency issued an environmental approval in June 2006. Due to numerous complaints by civil society, the construction has not started yet. The proceedings were characterized by many irregularities. This example is also important as a precedent for the involvement of environmental NGOs in the procedures for issuing environmental approvals for major land use, that was many times prevented by the Environmental Agency.

Basic Data
NameWind farm at Volovja reber, Slovenia
SiteIlirska Bistrica
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesElektro Primorska from Slovenia - a majority state owned company for distribution of electricity
Relevant government actorsEnvironmental Agency of Republic of Slovenia., Ministry for Agriculture and environment.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCoalition for Volovja Reber, BirdLife Slovenia [DOPPS]: member of BirdLife International., BirdLife International
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

Page about the campaign
[click to view]

The Slovenia Times, 2014
[click to view]

Other Documents

Case Study Aarhus Convention
[click to view]

Map of the region
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorTomislav Tkalec
Last update02/04/2017