Yambol Landfill Site, Bulgaria


In 2011 residents of the villages of Drazhevo and Hadzhidimitrovo formed an Initiative Committee against the construction of a regional landfill site on the land of their villages. Letters of complaint have been sent to the Ministry Council, Municipality Council, RIEW-Yambol, Ministry of Health, the Parliamentary Committee on Environment and Water and other institutions. A petition was given to the representative of the EU Commission Karsen Rasmussen. It was followed by appeals to the Committee on Petitions in the EU Parliament and other EU institutions. In a complaint letter sent to the Ministry of Environment residents expressed their willingness to initiate a local referendum on whether the landfill should be built or not. This was officially rejected by the Tundzha Municipal Council in april 2012.

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Basic Data
NameYambol Landfill Site, Bulgaria
SiteHadzjidimitrovo and Drazhevo
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Domestic municipal waste
Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe capacity of the landfill site is projected to be 387 354 tones of waste.

Project Area (in hectares)46
Level of Investment (in USD)12000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Relevant government actorsYambol, SlivenNova Zagora and Tundzha Municipalities, Ministry of Environment and Water
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMovement with ecological focus, Coalition for sustainable development and Civic Movement for Fight against Organized Political Crime.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInformal workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Land dispossession
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The future landfill site will be located less than a kilometer away from Yambol. In close proximity will be the dam of Hadzhjidimitrovo village (500 meters) and local wineries. The possibility of contamination of the nearby Tundzha River is very high. Arable land is going to be nationalized. The Integrated Permit for the construction of the regional landfill site has not been issued yet. With a Decision 36-/2012 . The Minister of Environment has stated the lack of need for the preparation of an EIA for the construction of the technical elements of the project.
Sources and Materials

'Civic Committees from Yambol and Stara Zagora Demand Better Management of EU funds for Waste Management'
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Coalition for Sustainable Development

Media Links

News, (in Bulgarian)
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Meta Information
ContributorEvgenia Tasheva
Last update08/04/2014