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Yeongheung Coal Plant, South Korea


Yeongheung power station is a 3,340 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Yeongheung Island, South Korea. A 1,740 MW expansion is planned for completion in 2014. The plant is owned by two Korean power companies.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Yeongheung Coal Plant, South Korea
Country:Republic of Korea
State or province:Incheon
Location of conflict:Yeongheung Island
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Bituminous coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Coal plant produces 1 600 megawatts.

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Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:Local residents
Start of the conflict:12/2004
Company names or state enterprises:Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) from Republic of Korea
Korea South-East Power Company (KOSEP) from Republic of Korea
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Other Health impactsAir pollution exposes residents to respiratory problems
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:According to Lee 2009 [1], "The environmental movement in the 1990s against the construction of coal plant was not to be successful due to: the lack of the residents’ independent and active participation; the failure of the mainstream environmental movement to engage the concerns and goals of local people, and the
oppressive policies of developmentalism by the national government and developers."
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1] The Political Ecology of Environmental Justice: Environmental Struggle and Injustice in the Yeongheung Island Coal Plant Controversy, by Hosuk Lee

from Florida State University
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Global Energy Observatory
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Meta information
Contributor:Louis Lemkow
Last update30/06/2014
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