Yeongheung Coal Plant, South Korea


Yeongheung power station is a 3,340 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Yeongheung Island, South Korea. A 1,740 MW expansion is planned for completion in 2014. The plant is owned by two Korean power companies.

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Basic Data
NameYeongheung Coal Plant, South Korea
CountryRepublic of Korea
SiteYeongheung Island
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Coal extraction and processing
Specific CommoditiesBituminous coal
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCoal plant produces 1 600 megawatts.

The existing Yeongheung Power Station consists of four coal units. The 800-MW Units 1 and 2 began commercial operation in 2004. The 870 MW Units 3 and 4 entered commercial operation in 2009. It burns bituminous coal.
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected PopulationLocal residents
Start Date12/2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesKorea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) from Republic of Korea
Korea South-East Power Company (KOSEP) from Republic of Korea
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
OtherAir pollution exposes residents to respiratory problems
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.According to Lee 2009 [1], "The environmental movement in the 1990s against the construction of coal plant was not to be successful due to: the lack of the residents’ independent and active participation; the failure of the mainstream environmental movement to engage the concerns and goals of local people, and the

oppressive policies of developmentalism by the national government and developers."
Sources and Materials

[1] The Political Ecology of Environmental Justice: Environmental Struggle and Injustice in the Yeongheung Island Coal Plant Controversy, by Hosuk Lee

from Florida State University
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Global Energy Observatory
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Meta Information
ContributorLouis Lemkow
Last update30/06/2014