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Azura-Edo Independent Power Project Impacts Community People in Edo State, Nigeria


In Nigeria, demand for power outstrips supply. Power supply is not only epileptic — more than half of the population of 170 million lacks access to power.

A new power plant intended to improve supply is the Azura-Edo Independent Power Project located in three main communities in Edo state, southern Nigeria.

The three communities namely, Ihovbor, Orior-Osemwende and Idunmwonwina-Urho Nisen, all in Uhunmwonde Local Government Area, are hosts to the proposed Azura-Edo Integrated Power Project (IPP) which is intended to augment the current power supply in Nigeria. Findings show that the communities are not carried along as prior and informed consent has not been realized. Conflict points include: • Azura-Edo IP project tears communities apart in Edo state • Eviction is imminent and no compensation paid to some indigenes • Others who vacated their homes are now tenants as only 20% compensation has been paid in the last three years • The EIA document was not made available in the communities • Communities’ participation and public hearing mandatory in the EIA process has been violated • Communities would not benefit directly in improved energy access • Social and environmental impacts and mitigation plans hidden from the communities

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Azura-Edo Independent Power Project Impacts Community People in Edo State, Nigeria
State or province:Edo
Location of conflict:Ihovbor, Orior-Osemwende and Idunmwonwina-Urho Nisen, Uhunmwonde Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Specific commodities:Land

Project Details and Actors

Project details

102 hectares of land to construct a 450MW Open Cycle Gas Turbine, power station near Benin City in Edo State. It is the first phase of a 1,120MW power plant facility that is targeted to begin producing electricity in early 2017.

Project area:102
Level of Investment:USD 1,000,000,000.00
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:20,000 - 30,000
Company names or state enterprises:Azura Power Holdings from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Edo State Government
Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC)
Federal Ministry of Power
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
First City Monument Bank (FCMB) from Nigeria
Standard Chartered Bank from United Kingdom
First Rand Bank (acting through Rand Merchant Bank division) from South Africa
Stanbic IBTC from Nigeria
FMO from Netherlands
FCMB Capital Markets Limited from Nigeria
Corporación financiera Internacional (CFI)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts


Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:ERA/FoEN proposals:
1. Public hearing be conducted on the Azura-Edo IP project to determine its suitability as environmentally compliant project
2. Communities’ prior and informed consent be sought by providing adequate information on the Azura project.
3. The mandatory Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA ) process and the legal requirement of public hearing be conducted with communities representatives and CSOs participation.
4. Any social and environmental impacts including mitigation plans should be disclosed to the host communities.
5. Communities should directly benefit from the project through step-down technology built directly as part of project benefits
6. Immediate re-Valuation to ensure adequate and prompt compensation should be paid to allow for proper resettlement plans
7. Alternatives in renewable energy should be considered as part of the global transition effort from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources to checkmate climate change
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The community people are not adequately informed about the project and their consent is not being sought. There are fears of inadequate compensation and displacement. No proper EIA carried out.

Sources & Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Environmental Impact Assessment

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

14 banks syndicate $1b for 450mw Azura-Edo power plant

Azura-Edo IPP: A watershed

World Bank Group Approves Project Series to Boost Local Power Output in Nigeria

Field Report #352: AZURA-EDO IP Project Impacts community people


Meta information

Contributor:Maria Obaseki, Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria, [email protected]
Last update04/09/2014