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Chamalapura Thermal Power Plant, Karnataka, India


Description:

Karnataka government has proposed a 1000 MW coal fired thermal power plant at Chamalapura, H.D.Kote taluk, Mysore district in early 2007. The project was proposed to built with a public-private partnership model. It was to be coordinated by the Power Company of Karnataka Ltd(PCKL), a Special Purpose Vehicle of the State Government. This region with its verdant agricultural lands is sandwiched between the Kabini and Cauvery rivers, and has a wide network of lakes. There are about 80 lakes (perennial and non perennial) lying within 8 km radius of Chamalapura. The proposed power plant is expected to result in land acquisition of 3000 acres (including 600 odd acres of forest lands) and displace at least 13,000 people, in Chamalapura & its neighboring villages.

Chamalapura, the epicenter of the group of villages proposed as a site for the thermal power plant. In addition to the loss of rich agricultural lands, displacement of people and adverse impact on the ground water table in the region, the power plant, if set up, would threaten two crucial wildlife habitats- Rajiv Gandhi National Park at Nagarhole is about 14 km away and Bandipur National Park is a mere 30 km from the project site. Right from the beginning, this proposal was met with stiff resistance from project affected people, environmentalists and social action groups [1]

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Chamalapura Thermal Power Plant, Karnataka, India
Country:India
State or province:Karnataka
Location of conflict:Village- Chamalapura; Taluk- H.D.Kote; District- Mysore
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Coal
Land

Project Details and Actors

Project details

The Government had decided to implement three thermal power projects of 1,000 MW each in Gulbarga, Belgaum and Chamalapura. The project was convienced in early 2007 [5]. On 08 August 2007, the Power Company of Karnataka Ltd (PCKL) issued a Global Invitation for Request for Qualification (RFQ), inviting bids for setting up a 1000 MW power plant at Chamalapura. Bids from a number of companies including Reliance Power and Tatas are said to have been received in response to the RFQ, according to newspapers [1]. The power plant was proposed to be set up under the BOO (Build, Own and Operate) model, as a public-private partnership and mooted by agencies of the Karnataka government [3].

Project area:1,214
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:13000
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:Power Company of Karnataka Limited (PCKL) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Karnataka
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Chamalapura Ushna Vidyut Sthavara Virodhi Horata Samanvaya Samithi, Enviornment Support Group, http://www.esgindia.org/campaigns/chamalapura.html, Federation of the Progressive Associations in Mysore, Many farmers, litterateurs, activists of progressive organisations, theatre personalities and students [4]

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Local scientists/professionals
theatre personalities
students
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place

Outcome

Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Development of alternatives:Protestors had communicated to the Government that under no circumstances they will allow the plant to come up as, according to them, it is detrimental to their lives and livelihood. They demanded an explanation from the Government on the rationale behind branding fertile land as barren land and cautioned that there would be a repetition of what happened at Nandigram in West Bengal, if the State used force in the matter. [2, 4].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Mysore Grahakara Samiti, filed a petition to the the Karnataka Electricity Regulatory Commission in 2007 to initiate a public hearing proceedings on the 06 March 2008. The petition was filed to look into the matter of the desirability of establishing 1000 MW coal based power projects at different places in Karnataka, including one at Chamalapura, Mysore District. The initial hearing on the 06 March 2008 was followed by a site visit by the members of the KERC to the project affected villages on 20 March 2008 and a final hearing on the 03 April 2008. Along with residents from project affected villages and citizens. Citizens including Environment Support Group raised the following key concerns:
1.The Chamalapura project was initiated without following the clearance procedure prescribed under the law.
2.The Government of Karnataka has granted in-principle clearance to the allocation of 3.9 TMC (Thousand Million Cubic Feet) of water for use by three power plants (including the one at Chamalapura) from the Cauvery River Basin. However, data accessed from the Karnataka Water Resources Department and the Cauvery Neeravari Nigama Ltd. for the decade of 1997-2008, clearly demonstrate that the Kabini River (which is in the Cauvery Basin) does not have even 1.56 TMC of water that is claimed to be needed for the 1,000 MW Chamalapura power plant and its ancillary facilities.
3.Chamalapura as a site for a 1000 MW coal fired thermal power plant does not satisfy the requirements prescribed by the Guidelines for Siting Thermal Power Plants, 1987 of the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) or the Siting Standards prescribed by the Karnataka Dept of Ecology & Environment & the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB).
4.Taking cognizance of the submissions made by project affected villagers, Gram Panchayat members, social action groups (including ESG), environmentalists and concerned citizens in the course of the Public Hearing, the KERC in its order dated 19th May 2008 , observed that the 'bidding process lack(ed) transparency' and was carried out in 'an extremely casual manner.' The KERC also recommended that the State Government should take a de-novo decision to set up on the Chamalapura proposal, after looking into all relevant aspects like 'environment and heritage, land acquisition, fuel linkage, water supply... and so on.' [1]
Karnataka Power Minister to announce in late 2008 that the power plant would not be constructed against the wishes of the people. While there has been no official statement withdrawing the project proposal, it is reliably understood that the Chamalapura site has been dropped [2]

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement act
http://indiacode.nic.in/acts-in-pdf/302013.pdf

Thermal Power: Guidelines for New Plants
http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/3ca3ef004885553eb614f66a6515bb18/thermnew_PPAH.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=3ca3ef004885553eb614f66a6515bb18

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Chamalapura Thermal Power Plant : Powering the State, Disempowering People
http://www.esgindia.org/campaigns/chamalapura.html

[2] Chamalapura power station
http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Chamalapura_power_station

[3] Karnataka defers decision on Chamalapura power
http://www.indiatogether.org/2008/jun/env-power.htm

[4] ‘Drop Chamalapura power plant’
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/drop-chamalapura-power-plant/article1910414.ece

[5] Government to go ahead with Chamalapura power project
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/government-to-go-ahead-with-chamalapura-power-project/article1903116.ece

Government to go ahead with Chamalapura power project
http://www.hindu.com/2007/09/02/stories/2007090250180100.htm

Protest against proposed power plant at Chamalapura

Chamalapura: activists want seers to lead stir
http://www.hindu.com/2008/08/11/stories/2008081153960400.htm

Read more at:
http://news.oneindia.in/2007/07/23/protest-against-proposed-power-plant-at-chamalapura-1185203649.html

Farmers to intensify agitation against Chamalapura power plant

Read more at:
http://news.oneindia.in/2007/08/24/farmers-to-intensify-agitation-against-chamalapura-power-plant-1187969638.html

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Opposing chamalapura thermal power plant project at H.D. Kote, Mysore, 2007
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cgnvOLerqTw

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014

Images

 

Sit in protest