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Methanol plant on the Taman Peninsula, Russia


Description:

On the 1st of February 2012 the protocol of the meeting on the placement of the chemical plant in Temryuk District (Taman Peninsula) was published. According to the protocol, the administration of the region approved the construction of the methanol plant - the largest in Russia. The project is financed by the foreign companies "Universal Business Corporation" and the oil company "ADNOC", both from the United Arab Emirates. The project's contractor is a Russian company, "Sintes-Jug" (ООО Синтез-Юг). The planned capacity is 10 million tons of methanol per year. Because of the high energy demand, a construction of a gas pipeline was also planned.

On the May 18, 2012 the NGO “Vosrozhdenie Tamani” (Revival of Taman region) sent a request to the organization “Public Environmental Council” by the Governor of Krasnodar Region with a request to check the legitimacy of the project because of the large potential environmental burden.

Shortly thereafter residents of the Taman Peninsula started collecting signatures on a petition against the construction of the plant. A protest against the project took place in the settlement Temrjuk on the 5th of June 2012. About three thousand citizens were participating in the protest.

On the 27th of June 2012 the “Public Environmental Council” published the "Official decision" in which it asked the regional administration to take all necessary measures to stop the project due to the "critical environmental and social situation".

On the 17th of September the contractor company "Sintes-Jug" announced that it cancels the project because of the high pressure of the active social protest movement on the company and the investors.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Methanol plant on the Taman Peninsula, Russia
Country:Russian Federation
Location of conflict:Taman settlement
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Chemical industries
Specific commodities:Chemical products

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Required space: 72 ha

Output: 10 million tons of methanol per year

Project area:72
Level of Investment:no data
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,000
Start of the conflict:01/02/2012
End of the conflict:17/09/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Sintes-Jug (ООО Синтез-Юг) from Russian Federation - Contractor
Universal Business Corporation from United Arab Emirates - Contractor
Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) from United Arab Emirates - Investor
Relevant government actors:Public Environmental Council by the Governor of Krasnodar Region
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:NGO “Vosrozhdenie Tamani” (Возрождение Тамани)

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Noise pollution
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents, Other Health impacts
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Displacement, Loss of livelihood

Outcome

Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Development of alternatives:No alternative projects were considered because it was pointed out that there is already a high pressure on the nature of the Taman Peninsula. Any addition project could be a huge environmental burden.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:This case is a good example of a success of environmental justice: all the protest lead to high attention of the regional administration and also of the investors who withdrew from the project. The project was stopped within half a year.

Sources and Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The "Official decision" of the “Public Environmental Council”
http://www.dprgek.ru/upload/iblock/76c/76c64fdb6f56133720365215f044115b.pdf

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Online newspaper "Eco-Pravda" (a newspaper publishing articles on environmental problems and conflicts): an article regarding social protest movement and it's success
http://www.eco-pravda.ru/page.php?id=4633

Online newspaper "Seleny Mir" ("Green World"): an article about project cancellation
http://zmdosie.ru/proekty/podrobnosti/1079-tamantsy-otbilis-ot-metanolovogo-zavoda

Internet-portal of the Taman Peninsula. The article says that the project was approved without informing citizens
http://temruk.info/novosti-goroda-i-rayona/vtayne-ot-zhiteley-v-temryukskom-rayone-vedetsya-podgotovka-k-stroitelstvu-metanolovogo-zavoda.html

Other documents

Protest on the 5th of June 2012 The poster says "No future"
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/02.jpg

Protest on the 5th of June 2012 "We say "No" to the chemical plant construction"
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/ingressimage_IMG_1982.JPG

Meta information

Contributor:Natalia Finogenova
Last update09/02/2015

Images

 

Protest on the 5th of June 2012

The poster says "No future"

Protest on the 5th of June 2012

"We say "No" to the chemical plant construction"