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Ecoamerica SAC failed agriculture project in San Martin, Peru


Description:

In 2006 the South Korean company Ecoamerica asked the Peruvian Organismo de Formalización de la Propiedad Informal (COFOPRI) for over 72,000 ha at $.80 an acre. The agency didn't respond to the request, so in 2010 the corporation sued COFOPRI and Superintendencia Nacional de Registros Públicos (SUNARP) de Loreto, citing 'administrative silence'. Administrative battles raged above the heads of the local people, who only heard of the prospective land deal in 2010. Two Shawi communities and one Kechwa community from the district of Pongo de Caynarachi, in the province of Lamas, and the district of Papaplaya, in the province and region of San Martin, Peru and their federation of tribes adamantly opposed the corporation's actions in their land. Although the communities have no official land titles, the land is definitively within ancestral areas and the intended crop production, logging, and livestock operation would severely negatively impact their livelihoods. The communities contested the concession by writing official letters, sending petitions, and holding meetings. In 2011 the Constitutional Court ruled against Ecoamerica, but not before 400 ha was deforested without land titles. The company Ecoamerica SAC is currently listed as 'closed'.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Ecoamerica SAC failed agriculture project in San Martin, Peru
Country:Peru
State or province:San Martin Province
Location of conflict:district of Pongo de Caynarachi, in the province of Lamas, and the district of Papaplaya, in the province and region of San Martin
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Land acquisition conflicts
Deforestation
Logging and non timber extraction
Specific commodities:Land
Timber
Live Animals

Project Details and Actors

Project details

ha in tribal lands in Peru at $.80 an acre.

Project area:72,654
Level of Investment:57,600,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:EcoAmerica SAC
Relevant government actors:Peru: Commission for the Formalization of Informal Ownership , Constitutional Court
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:World Rainforest Movement (WRM), La Federación Indígena del Pueblo Shawi de San Martín

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Arguments for the rights of mother nature

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover

Outcome

Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Through judicial action and continual pressure by tribal leaders and local communities, the constitutional court rejected ECOAMERICA SAC’s claim to the lands, and the company subsequently closed operations. Additionally, this case is used as an example to strengthen the fight for indigenous land rights in the region.

Sources & Materials

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

http://farmlandgrab.org/post/view/18688

Dario Ahoria, 'TC declaró improcedente demanda de Ecoamérica'
http://diarioahora.pe/portal/noticias-san-martin/24-yurimaguas/8982-tc-declaro-improcedente-demanda-de-ecoamerica

, 'Peru: Land grabbing in indigenous peoples' territories'
Farmlandgrab.org

Oficina de Imagen Institucional Corte Superior de Justicia de San Martín, 'Declaran Improcedente Demanda Interpuesta por Empresa ECOAMERICA SAC'
http://www.chs-peru.com/reporte15/upload/archivos/archivo2_595.pdf

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

http://servindi.org/actualidad/72618

, 'Perú: Comunidades Shawi asentadas en San Martín demandan tierra segura'
Servindi.org

Other comments:0

Meta information

Contributor:Aliza Tuttle
Last update24/06/2014