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GMR Chhattisgarh Energy Limited, India


GMR Energy Ltd, a unit of GMR Infrastructure, began construction work on its 1,200 MW thermal power project in Chhattisgarh. GMR Energy signed the deal with the state government. It will come up in Raikheda area of Raipur district, about 35 km from state capital Raipur.

A strong protest by villagers in Raikheda village of Raipur district in Chhatishgarh forced the district administration to stop a public hearing it had organised for GMR Energys proposed power plant in the village. The farmers said the plant will pollute the region, endangering the health of thousands of villagers.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:GMR Chhattisgarh Energy Limited, India
State or province:Chhattisgarh
Location of conflict:Village- Raikheda
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Other industries
Specific commodities:Electricity

Project Details and Actors

Project details

GMRs power plant envisages to come up on 530 hectares. The coal requirement is 6.3 million TPA which will be obtained from SECL mine and transported through rail. Ash and Sulpher content will be 41.6% and 0.4% respectively. Water requirement is estimated as 40.3 cusec and will me met from Mahanadi River.

Project area:530
Level of Investment:860,500,00
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:GMR Energy Ltd from India - a unit of GMR Infrastructure
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local villagers, Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP)

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:People dont like any power plant there and want to stop the GMR project. They are afraid of pollution generated from the plant.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The government held a public hearing on Jan 15, 2009 at Raikheda on land acquisition. But the farmers not only refused to hand over their holdings but also asked the company stop the works immediately.

Sources and Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

GMR Chhattisgarh Energy Ltd.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

GMR-proposed power plant faces villagers wrath

Chhattisgarh govt favouring GMR: BJP MLA

GMR to begin work on Chhattisgarh power project by March

Farmers block Rs.55 bn power project in Chhattisgarh

BJP MLA says Chhattisgarh govt ‘favouring’ GMR group with land acquisition for rail-line

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update22/05/2014