Please zoom in or out and select the base layer according to your preference to make the map ready for printing, then press the Print button above.

Gorai-Manori-Uttan Recreation and Tourism Development Zone (RTDZ) in Mumbai, MH, India


In its Regional Plan during 1996-2011 government of Maharastra planned to develop Manori-Gorai-Uttan area (MGU) of Mumbai as Recreation and Tourism Development Zone (RTDZ). Following this, the Government of Maharashtra vide Notification dated 24th August, 2004, appointed MMRDA as “Special Planning Authority” [4] for this purpose.

Accordingly, it had also notified 10,000 acres in the Gorai-Manori area to be destinated to this project. The plan will affect six villages including Manori, Gorai, Uttan, Dongri, Tarodi, Chowk and parts of Morva.

Earlier, the area was marked as no-development zone.

The Urban Design Research Institute (UDRI) located in Mumbai has objectioning this project. They complained to the Chief Minister, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) commissioner and the principal secretary of the state urban development department saying that the policy is 'flawed'. The plan envisages converting land that is now labeled as Preservation Zone and NDZ land into "Green zone". According to them "The terminology green zone is misleading as this zone has building potential" and that converting the land is aimed at creating "farmhouses for the wealthy" [5] The plan has been severely criticized also by the local residents, who have put up black flags int he villages in sign of protest [2]. More than 40,000 people in the area depend on farming and fishing for their livelihood. Villagers run small weekend resorts, and do some petty jobs for their livelihood. Up to now, there is no major commercial exploitation of the land. According to the villagers the proposed tourism hub will severely affect the thousands of people on their means of livelihood; they are also worried about a bridge between Marve and Manori, stating that it will increase the influx of people. Most of them are solely depending on farming, fishing and salt cultivation for their livelihood, which will be put in danger byturism industry [3].

Mobilizers also pint out that the MMRDA's plan does not leave adequate buffer around existing lakes and flood zones.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Gorai-Manori-Uttan Recreation and Tourism Development Zone (RTDZ) in Mumbai, MH, India
State or province:Maharastra
Location of conflict:At-Manori, Gorai, Uttan; Mumbai
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Tourism Recreation
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific commodities:Tourism services

Project Details and Actors

Project details

The total area of the region is about 43.13 sq. km. It includes 8 villages, of which Manori and Gorai has an area of about 19.52 sq. km. The area falls under the administrative jurisdiction of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). The other areas of about 23.61 sq. km. fall under the jurisdiction of Mira Bhayander Municipal Corporation (MBMC) [1, 4].

Project area:4,319
Level of Investment:166,370,688 (INR 1,000 Crore)
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:45,000-50,000
Start of the conflict:24/08/2004
Company names or state enterprises:Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (MMRCL) from India
Relevant government actors:Municipal Corporation of Brihan Mumbai, Mira-Bhayander Municipal Corporation, Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation, Maharashtra Coastal Zone Management Authority, Government of Maharashtra, M/s. EPC Management Planning and Development Private Limited, Ahmedabad (Consultant)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Dharavi Beth Bachao Samiti, The Urban Design Research Institute (UDRI)

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:Villagers wants minimum developments like concrete roads, infrastructure etc in the area.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure

Sources and Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act, 1966

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[4] Gorai-Manori-Uttan Notified Area

[1] Gorai-Manori-Uttan Recreation and Tourism Development Zone (RTDZ)

[2] Gorai villagers to take on government over tourism zone plan

[3] Growing opposition to SEZ in Gorai-Manori-Uttan

Govt approves plan to develop Manori-Gorai-Uttan belt for tourism

Manori - Gorai - Uttan plan by MMRDA

Rs 1,000crore to turn Gorai into a tourist's paradise

[5] Plan to convert coastal areas into tourism zone draws flak

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update25/07/2014