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Gorongosa and carbon market, Mozambique


The Nhambita Community Carbon Project is to capture carbon through agro-forestry, and sell carbon credits on the voluntary markets in Europe and US, using local farmers as carbon producers.About 1400 farmers are planting and taking care of trees and protecting native forests. This is very dangerous as will compromise food production and peoples sovereignty in the area. Local food insecurity can be exacerbated and farmers may lose control over land and forest.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Gorongosa and carbon market, Mozambique
State or province:Sofala
Location of conflict:Gorongosa, Nhambita
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict: 1st level:Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:
Carbon offsets

Project Details and Actors

Project details:

The project is called the Nhambita Community Carbon Project. The aim of the company that runs it, Envirotrade, is to capture carbon through agro-forestry, and sell carbon credits on the voluntary markets, which at this stage comprises Europe and the United States. By buying carbon credits, companies in industrialised countries can sell a positive image to their clients, clean their conscience and allow pollution of the planet. With the implementation of REDD and the purchase of carbon credits, it is expected that rich countries will continue to emit greenhouse gases, as they will be financing carbon capture projects in other locations, generally in countries in the South.

Project area:11000
Level of Investment:1800000
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Envirotrade from Mauritius
Relevant government actors:Environment and Agriculture Ministries
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:UNAC, Justia Ambiental

Conflict and Mobilization

IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Information sharing

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Global warming, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Fires
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures


Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:This in an attempt to impose control over local resources and it doesnt bring any environmental justice and advantage for farmers as they are coerced to plant trees already pre-determined by the company.

Sources and Materials

LinksĀ to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Meta information

Contributor:Boaventura Monjane
Last update08/04/2014