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Gorongosa and carbon market, Mozambique


Description

The Nhambita Community Carbon Project is to capture carbon through agro-forestry, and sell carbon credits on the voluntary markets in Europe and US, using local farmers as carbon producers.About 1400 farmers are planting and taking care of trees and protecting native forests. This is very dangerous as will compromise food production and peoples sovereignty in the area. Local food insecurity can be exacerbated and farmers may lose control over land and forest.

Basic Data

NameGorongosa and carbon market, Mozambique
CountryMozambique
ProvinceSofala
SiteGorongosa, Nhambita
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
REDD/CDM
Specific Commodities
Land
Carbon offsets

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsThe project is called the Nhambita Community Carbon Project. The aim of the company that runs it, Envirotrade, is to capture carbon through agro-forestry, and sell carbon credits on the voluntary markets, which at this stage comprises Europe and the United States. By buying carbon credits, companies in industrialised countries can sell a positive image to their clients, clean their conscience and allow pollution of the planet. With the implementation of REDD and the purchase of carbon credits, it is expected that rich countries will continue to emit greenhouse gases, as they will be financing carbon capture projects in other locations, generally in countries in the South.

Project Area (in hectares)11000
Level of Investment (in USD)1800000
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesEnvirotrade from Mauritius
Relevant government actorsEnvironment and Agriculture Ministries
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersUNAC, Justia Ambiental

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Information sharing

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Global warming, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Fires
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures

Outcome

Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.This in an attempt to impose control over local resources and it doesnt bring any environmental justice and advantage for farmers as they are coerced to plant trees already pre-determined by the company.

Sources and Materials

Links

http://viacampesina.org/en/index.php?option=com_contentandview=articleandid=1296:mozambique--carbon-trading-and-redd-farmers-grow-carbon-for-the-benefit-of-pollutersandcatid=48:-climate-change-and-agrofuelsandItemid=75

Media Links

http://viacampesina.org/en/index.php?option=com_contentandview=articleandid=1296:mozambique--carbon-trading-and-redd-farmers-grow-carbon-for-the-benefit-of-pollutersandcatid=48:-climate-change-and-agrofuelsandItemid=75

Meta Information

ContributorBoaventura Monjane
Last update08/04/2014