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Health impact of substandard living conditions on Roma in a settlement separated by wall, Sliven, Bulgaria


Description:

"Nadejda", also known as the Roma neighbourhood of Sliven, is a segregated settlement where 25 000-28 000 Roma live. It is separated from non-Roma neighbourhoods by a two-meter concrete wall surrounding the entire Nord and West part of the settlement [4]. It is located in an industrial zone near textile, food and metal factories [5]. 

Despite the high number of population, the settlement remains under-developed. Substandard housing conditions, poor infrastructure, water, noise and air pollution and access to water are a daily struggle for Romani families living in that place [5]. The city’s railway station is located in the Nord part of the neighbourhood; trains are passing in a less than 50 meters from Romani houses transporting  industrial products, coal and goods. A thermal power station is located on 1,2 km from the South side of the settlement producing emissions. Textile and food factories located in the East and West side of the neighborhood additionally pollute the air.  

Building construction in the settlement has never been regulated by the authorities and the infrastructure does not meet national standards [10]. Narrow streets without asphalt, sidewalks, crosswalks, traffic signs or lights increase the risk of road accidents. The streets’ width is reduced to only two meters or less in the South part of the settlement preventing large vehicles such as fire brigade camions and ambulances to get into the Roma settlement (see pictures). Pregnant women, babies, elderly and persons with disabilities are the most vulnerable in case of emergency. 

Also, the streets are not accessible for waste trucks leading to garbage accumulation in public space. Nothing prevents babies and children from direct contact with toxic plastic waste combined with sewage and spoiled food. Garbage left directly on the ground together with waste water plugs the outdated canalization pipes and create flooding (Kara Kolio, Burshen and Pirin streets-see pictures). Some dwellings are not connected to the canalization and evacuate waste, including defecation, in septic tanks located in their courtyards contaminating the soil. 

The outdated pipes prevent proper water distribution, leaving the inhabitants with low water pressure or without ruining water, increasing the risk of epidemics. Hepatitis, scabies as well as the proliferation of lice, flea and rats have already been reported [1]. 

Substandard housing conditions raise the health hazards as some families, in many cases single mothers with 5-8 children, live in shacks or basic constructions with broken windows, which significantly decreases the energetic efficiency of their homes [2][9]. Wood and coal are used massively for heating houses, rising indoor emissions [4]. The poorest dwellings use plastic and textile found on an unregulated dump near the settlement for heating their homes, which aggravates respiratory ailments and provokes asphyxia. It is particularly dangerous for pregnant women, children and babies [7][8]. 

The presence of an unregulated dump located in an only few meters from Romani houses additionally aggravates the health risks. Domestic and water waste, building materials, plastics and medical waste pollute the air and soil. It contaminates domestic animals such as chicken, lambs, pigs, horses eating spoiled food from the dump. Women and children are exposed to intoxication and epidemics as the dump’s waste is their livelihood. Pregnant women or women with children and babies collect scrap, plastic, cardboard and other materials that can be recycled to earn money. Children and babies are fed/breastfeed on the dump without any hygiene conditions being respected. Toxic air due to burning electric cables on the dump for getting the scrap, endangers women’s and children's health [7][8].  According to the Centre for mother’s and child’s health, children and mothers get intoxicated very often, suffer from hepatitis, scabies and other epidemics. To tackle these health issue the Centre for mother's and child's created by UNICEF initiated meetings with public authorities, involving Médecins du monde, Health mediators, Romani activists and families living in Nadejda. Despite the NGOs and media involvement the unregulated dump has not been removed from the Roma settlement and continues to endanger the health and the life of the inhabitants [12]. In fact on 1st Oct.2019 an accident occurred taking the life of a Romani woman while passing through the dump[11]. A truck charging refuse flipped on its side and struck the woman. She died crushed by the vehicle and the refuse that it transported [13].  

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Health impact of substandard living conditions on Roma in a settlement separated by wall, Sliven, Bulgaria
Country:Bulgaria
Location of conflict:Sliven
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Waste privatisation conflicts / waste-picker access to waste
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Thermal power plants
Urban development conflicts
Manufacturing activities
Water access rights and entitlements
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific commodities:Land
Domestic municipal waste
Chemical products
Industrial waste
Coal
Live Animals
Water

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Relevant authorities such as the Regional health inspectorate do not collect disagregated data on ethnicity and do not have any statistics available for public consultation about the impact of the unregulated dump, poor infrastructure; waste management, sporadic refuse collection, air and noise pollution on Roma health in Nadejda neighbourhood.

Project area:20
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:20 000- 28 000
Start of the conflict:01/01/2000
Relevant government actors:The Ministry for health; the Ministry for regional development; Regional authorities (prefect); local authorities; Regional health inspectorate, Bulgarian food safety agency
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Centre for mother and child health: https://bg-bg.facebook.com/pages/category/Organization/510511092413678
Médecins du monde: https://www.medecinsdumonde.org/fr/pays/europe/bulgarie
Roma Health foundation

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Children and babies
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Street protest/marches

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Fires, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Other Environmental impactsLack of green space and vegetation in the neighborhood
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Infectious diseases, Other Health impacts, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Potential: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Other Health impactsEpidemics; specific impact on pregnant women, intoxications of babies and children.Energy poverty. Lack of water.
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts, Increase in violence and crime
Other socio-economic impactsDiscrimination, social exclusion, ethnic segregation, ghettoïsation

Outcome

Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Raising awareness among the inhabitants about their rights to live in decent housing conditions and infrastructure
Development of alternatives:The Centre for mother and child health of Sliven suggested to local authorities to collect garbage with horse-drawn carriages, which are smaller than trucks and can enter into the settlement. The Centre suggested people living in the neighbourhood to be employed for refuse collection to facilitate the social inclusion through employment together with waste management. Also, it proposes other initiatives such as public cleaning of the streets, complete removal of the unregulated dump to a regular place where waste will be treated and recycled.
The local authorities accepted only the suggestions regarding garbage collection through horst-draw carriages and employed only 7 persons from the settlement for this activity. However the employees number is insuffisant to ensure the refuse collection of the entire settlement where live around 25 000 persons and this action does not have any significative impact.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Mobilization started in 2016 involving the Centre for Mother and Child health, Médecins du monde, 5 Roma health mediators, Roma activists and inhabitants of the settlement against the unregulated dump and waste management in the Roma neighbourhood. Since then these local and national organizations negotiate with local and state authorities for removing the dump from the Roma settlement and improve garbage collection. The Centre for mother and child health initiated meetings with local and regional authorities (mayor, prefect, health inspectorates, doctors, health mediators and activists addressing health issues such epidemics, the presence of parasites, uncontrolled animal husbandry, food and meat selling in the neighbourhood. In August 2017 the inhabitants organised a protest against the low water pressure/water cut leaving families with children and babies without access to water during August heat waves. The case has been reported by National media and was following negotiations with regional authorities. Today the entire settlement has running water, but inhabitants still have to deal with low water pressure, waste management and outdated sewage system.

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

10. National standards for streets and roads construction
http://dv.parliament.bg/DVWeb/showMaterialDV.jsp?idMat=121406

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

7. Pollutionwatch: soot study shows harm from open waste burning, The Guardian 18 July 2019
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jul/18/pollutionwatch-soot-study-shows-harm-from-open-waste-burning

8. Dangerous health effects of home burning of plastics and waste, WECT Intrenational, 2005
http://www.wecf.eu/cms/download/2004-2005/homeburning_plastics.pdf

9. The Health status of Roma in Bulgaria, Roma Health association 2009
http://www.gitanos.org/upload/87/58/BULGARIA-final-baja.pdf

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

2. Living conditions in the Roma gettho are a form of harassment against children, Sliven info 9 April 2019
https://slivenpost.bg/условията-на-живот-в-сливенското-ромс/

3. Médecins du Monde
https://www.medecinsdumonde.org/fr/actualites/bulgarie/2019/01/07/libres-de-choix

4. Bulgarian Roma: EU citizens living in getthos, Tourillon, 29 octobre 2018
https://www.taurillon.org/les-roms-de-bulgarie-des-citoyens-europeens-qui-vivent-dans-des-ghettos

6. La cité des Roms, Le Monde, 16 May 2009
https://www.lemonde.fr/vous/article/2009/05/16/la-cite-des-roms_1193902_3238.html

5. Council of Europe, Romact program
http://coe-romact.org/municipalities/sliven

1. Living on 40°C without access to water, BTV 10 August 2017
https://btvnovinite.bg/bulgaria/na-40-goreshtina-bez-voda.html

11. Romani woman has been struck by a vehicle on unregulated dump in Sliven, Novinite, 1 Oct.2019
https://novini.bg/bylgariya/kriminalno/560310

12. A Romani woman died after being crushed by a truck. Roma from Sliven have previously alerted the authorities about the danger of the unregulated dump.
https://novini.bg/bylgariya/obshtestvo/560350

13. A truck flipped on its side, a woman is died, BTV, 1 Oct.2019
https://nova.bg/news/view/2019/10/01/264259/

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

6. Gypsy stories of Sliven, documentary 2016
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMcT_oAtSPM

Other documents

Minutes meeting Centre for mother and child's health Document raising health and sanitarian issues affecting Romani communities in Nadejda. The Centre initiated several meetings with local and regional authorities, including Health inspectorate in regard to the identified problems in the Roma settlement.
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/4377/centre_for_mother_and_child_health_minutes.pdf

Meta information

Contributor:Radost Zaharieva, Human rights researcher and consultant
Last update17/01/2020

Images

 

Romani houses near the unregulated dump, Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump, Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Burshen street, Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven 4 August 2019

Water waste is removed on the ground due to outdated canalization.

Sewage removal system in the Roma neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump, 4 August 2019

Unregulated dump has been established in a less than 10 meters from Romani houses

Unregulated dump, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump, 4 August 2019

Water and domestic waste, plastic, building materials

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The picture illustrates the unregulated dump located in a Roma settlement in Sliven ,as well as part of the concrete surrounding the North and West part of the settlement.

Waste

 

Romani houses near the unregulated dump

 

Waste management in the Roma settlement

The picture has been taken in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven on 4 August 2019

Waste management in the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Sliven Nadejda neighborhood

Waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Status of the streets, waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August

 

Plastic waste plugs the canalisation

Sliven, 4 August 2019

Waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood, 4 August 2019

People collect plastic

People collect recycling materials, Sliven 4 August 2019

The unregulated dump is the main financial income of the poorest Romani families.

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The dump is located on less than 5 meters from Romani houses.

Children playing at the street, 4 August 2019

The Roma settlement does not have any playing area for children.

Canalization in the Roma settlement

The poor status of the streets, as well as the outdated canalization makes impossible the evacuation of water when it rains.

Waste management and sewage removal system in the Roma neighborhood

The picture has been taken on 4 August 2019 in Sliven during a field visit.

Housing conditions in the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Due to the lack of garbage cans and dumpsters refuse is left in front of people's house directly on the ground.

Building materials in unregulated dump in a Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Private persons, Roma and non-Roma as well as companies use the place to discharge domestic and industrial waste, as well as building materials.

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Streets in the South part of the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The inhabitants are not provided with garbage cans or dumpsters; such equipment is inexistant on streets in the Roma settlement

Streets in the South part of Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Substandard living conditions, poor and outdated infrastructure, sporadic refuse collection increase the health hazards for the Romani inhabitants.

Status of the streets in Nadejda, Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Waste management in Nadejda, Sliven 4 August 2019

 

A child is playing near the garbage

The Roma neighborhood is over-populated and there is no any playing area for children. They play on streets, where hygiene conditions are critical.

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood, 4 August 2019

People collect plastic

Unregulated dump, Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Burshen street, Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven 4 August 2019

Water waste is removed on the ground due to outdated canalization.

Factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump, 4 August 2019

Unregulated dump has been established in a less than 10 meters from Romani houses

People collect recycling materials, Sliven 4 August 2019

The unregulated dump is the main financial income of the poorest Romani families.

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The dump is located on less than 5 meters from Romani houses.

Romani houses near the unregulated dump, Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Waste management

Sliven 4 August 2019

Streets in the South part of the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 august 2019

Water, domestic and plastic waste is discharged on the ground.

Unregulated dump, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump, 4 August 2019

Water and domestic waste, plastic, building materials

Housing conditions in the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Due to the lack of garbage cans and dumpsters refuse is left in front of people's house directly on the ground.

Canalization in the Roma settlement

The poor status of the streets, as well as the outdated canalization makes impossible the evacuation of water when it rains.

Waste

 

Romani houses near the unregulated dump

 

Waste management in the Roma settlement

The picture has been taken in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven on 4 August 2019

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The picture illustrates the unregulated dump located in a Roma settlement in Sliven ,as well as part of the concrete surrounding the North and West part of the settlement.

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Building materials in unregulated dump in a Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Private persons, Roma and non-Roma as well as companies use the place to discharge domestic and industrial waste, as well as building materials.

Children playing at the street, 4 August 2019

The Roma settlement does not have any playing area for children.

Waste management

Sliven 4 August 2019

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Waste

 

Waste

 

Romani houses near the unregulated dump

 

Waste management in the Roma settlement

The picture has been taken in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven on 4 August 2019

A child is playing near the garbage

The Roma neighborhood is over-populated and there is no any playing area for children. They play on streets, where hygiene conditions are critical.

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Children playing at the street, 4 August 2019

The Roma settlement does not have any playing area for children.

Status of the streets in Nadejda, Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets, waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August

 

Canalization in the Roma settlement

The poor status of the streets, as well as the outdated canalization makes impossible the evacuation of water when it rains.

Waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Burshen street, Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven 4 August 2019

Water waste is removed on the ground due to outdated canalization.

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Waste management

Sliven 4 August 2019

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The picture illustrates the unregulated dump located in a Roma settlement in Sliven ,as well as part of the concrete surrounding the North and West part of the settlement.

Building materials in unregulated dump in a Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Private persons, Roma and non-Roma as well as companies use the place to discharge domestic and industrial waste, as well as building materials.

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood, 4 August 2019

People collect plastic

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

People collect recycling materials, Sliven 4 August 2019

The unregulated dump is the main financial income of the poorest Romani families.

Streets in the South part of Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Substandard living conditions, poor and outdated infrastructure, sporadic refuse collection increase the health hazards for the Romani inhabitants.

Romani houses near the unregulated dump, Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Streets in the South part of the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Waste

 

Waste

 

Romani houses near the unregulated dump

 

Waste management in the Roma settlement

The picture has been taken in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven on 4 August 2019

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The inhabitants are not provided with garbage cans or dumpsters; such equipment is inexistant on streets in the Roma settlement

Housing conditions in the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Due to the lack of garbage cans and dumpsters refuse is left in front of people's house directly on the ground.

A child is playing near the garbage

The Roma neighborhood is over-populated and there is no any playing area for children. They play on streets, where hygiene conditions are critical.

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Streets in the South part of Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Substandard living conditions, poor and outdated infrastructure, sporadic refuse collection increase the health hazards for the Romani inhabitants.

Waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Sewage removal system in the Roma neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Plastic waste plugs the canalisation

Sliven, 4 August 2019

Children playing at the street, 4 August 2019

The Roma settlement does not have any playing area for children.

Waste management and sewage removal system in the Roma neighborhood

The picture has been taken on 4 August 2019 in Sliven during a field visit.

Streets in the South part of Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Substandard living conditions, poor and outdated infrastructure, sporadic refuse collection increase the health hazards for the Romani inhabitants.

Burshen street, Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven 4 August 2019

Water waste is removed on the ground due to outdated canalization.

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Waste management

Sliven 4 August 2019

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The picture illustrates the unregulated dump located in a Roma settlement in Sliven ,as well as part of the concrete surrounding the North and West part of the settlement.

Building materials in unregulated dump in a Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Private persons, Roma and non-Roma as well as companies use the place to discharge domestic and industrial waste, as well as building materials.

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump in Nadejda neighborhood, 4 August 2019

People collect plastic

Unregulated dump in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

People collect recycling materials, Sliven 4 August 2019

The unregulated dump is the main financial income of the poorest Romani families.

Streets in the South part of Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Substandard living conditions, poor and outdated infrastructure, sporadic refuse collection increase the health hazards for the Romani inhabitants.

Romani houses near the unregulated dump, Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Streets in the South part of the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Waste

 

Waste

 

Romani houses near the unregulated dump

 

Waste management in the Roma settlement

The picture has been taken in Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven on 4 August 2019

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

The inhabitants are not provided with garbage cans or dumpsters; such equipment is inexistant on streets in the Roma settlement

Housing conditions in the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Due to the lack of garbage cans and dumpsters refuse is left in front of people's house directly on the ground.

A child is playing near the garbage

The Roma neighborhood is over-populated and there is no any playing area for children. They play on streets, where hygiene conditions are critical.

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Status of the streets in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Status of the streets, waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August

 

Canalization in the Roma settlement

The poor status of the streets, as well as the outdated canalization makes impossible the evacuation of water when it rains.

Status of the streets in Nadejda, Sliven 4 August 2019

 

Waste management and sewage removal system in the Roma neighborhood

The picture has been taken on 4 August 2019 in Sliven during a field visit.

Waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Unregulated dump and factories near the Roma settlement, 4 August 2019

Nadejda neighborhood, Sliven

Children playing at the street, 4 August 2019

The Roma settlement does not have any playing area for children.

Plastic waste plugs the canalisation

Sliven, 4 August 2019

Waste management in the Roma settlement in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Sewage removal system in the Roma neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

 

Streets in the South part of Nadejda neighborhood in Sliven, 4 August 2019

Substandard living conditions, poor and outdated infrastructure, sporadic refuse collection increase the health hazards for the Romani inhabitants.