Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) had proposed to develop a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh, known as IFFCO Kisan SEZ (IKSEZ). The project is wholly owned by subsidiaries of IFFCO and mainly focused on Agro based products; it offers various customs duty, income tax and sales tax concessions provided by the Government of India to promote economic activity. It is inspired by the concept of "Integrated Agropark", defined as "systems innovation of metropolitan agro production, processing and logistics." According to the IFFCO website the mission of the IKSEZ is “ to empower the Indian farmer by developing a “Farmer Owned – Farmer Managed” SEZ with state of the art infrastructure facilities catering primarily to the food processing industry and housing global manufacturing majors” . Many global as well as local Investors have showed their interest in the SEZ  For this project a total of 2,776 acres of land has been acquired and an Rs. 2,400 crore was proposed and an initial investment . The aim of this Kisan SEZ is to provide state-of-the-art infrastructure facilities to a wide range of industries but mainly to food processing and agri-based industries.
To avoid conflict with farmers, IFFCO made local farmers direct shareholders in the upcoming project. According to IFFCO Chairman (reported in The Hindu January 4, 2008), the project is the country’s first Kisan SEZ, which will generate more than 10,000 jobs. Also, according to IFFCO, the project would not displace any farmer as the land, about 2,800 acres, was already in possession of the cooperative. Alongside the multi-product SEZ, IFFCO plans to set up a technical training facility for the farmers .
Although, the project has got formal approval from the ministry of Commerce, Government of India, Board of Approvals for Special Economic Zones has rejected the IFFCO’s proposal. According to the SEZ board of approval, the project is not in conformity with the SEZ Act and Rules . Serious concerns have been raised over possible violation of rules of the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI). Many fear that the government's relaxed policies on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the rush to sign Free Trade Agreements (FTA) will attract global companies seeking a 'cash cow' to invest in India, which has perhaps the world's largest livestock population.
According to Varghese, "Indian dairy farmers already are in crisis with increased cost of production and non-remunerative prices. The scarcity of natural resources and crop residue for fodder has defined the death of traditional grazing practices. The productivity of cattle is based on its care and management; however farmers will be forced to switch over to efficient food, and care intensive breeds to compete. This spells a bleak future for the conservation of endemic bovine with lower yield but higher tolerance to environmental stressors." Varghese further explains why such international consortia are interested in investing in such mega plants in India: "The continued 3% approximate growth of milk production, bundled with a low production cost, the per capita consumption growing at 1.5% annually, and improved incomes causing a surge in consumption makes India attractive to investments. Once the economics and the production facilities are put into place, and the 'pilot' project is found ‘acceptable', this consortium plans at least 10 other such dairy farms in other locations in India.”
IFFCO has got permission from the government to import 3,000 cows from New Zealand. With this, the project will produce around 1 lakh liters a day, which according to rule is not sufficient to set up milk products plant  As IFFCO failed to set up the proposed agriculture hub, the villagers are demanding to return their lands. As the project become a non-starter, it was not able to fulfill the promises of job for the local people. To press their demands to the concerned authorities, the villagers in the Nellore Lok Sabha (Lower house of the Indian Parliament) constituency and Polavaram assembly (Andhra Pradesh Assembly constituency) seat boycotted the elections held in 2012. According to the villagers more than 500 acres of land was forcibly acquired by the district administration and handed over to IFFCO without any form of compensation .
As per June 2014, most of the needed infrastructure has been laid down, including a 27-km boundary wall and a 14 km peripheral road. An 80 MT weigh bridge, power distribution network and a pipeline for water supply were also among the works completed. According to The Hindu , "a proposal came up for an investment of Rs. 2,000 to start a chemical processing plant for 100 per cent exports."