In 1997, Kali Gandaki Hydroelectric Project A began with the construction of a dam over the Kali Gandaki river. The dam was built by the Italian company Impregilo S.p.a (1). The project, worth an estimated US$420 million, was financed by the (ADB), the Japanese Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Finnish Development Agency (FINNIDA). Social movements and unions at both the local and national levels protested against the serious environmental and social impacts created by the project.
In 2013, the World Bank funded further works for safety measures and to improve the response capacity of Nepal in case of an emergency (2)