The Shuars indigenous territory is located in the Cordillera del Condor, an area of extraordinary biodiversity. Since the 1990s the Ecuadorian government granted several mining concessions on sites located within Shuar territory. Within this context, in April 1999 the mining company BHP Billiton signed a contract with the Shuar community of Warintza. This company transferred its Cordillera del Condors mining project to the company Corriente Resources in the early 2000s. The latter, in 2001, managed to extend the previous agreement signed by BHP Billiton (Warintza mining project) for five more years. As a result, intra-ethnic conflicts arose among those Shuar centres that were in favor of this activity and those opposed. In 2003 the mining company Lowell Mineral Exploration acquired the Warintza project and signed another agreement with the community for a 30-year period. Concerns arose among the Shuar, who held diverse assemblies to discuss the situation. In October 2006 the Interprovincial Federation of Shuar Centres (FICSH) declared its opposition to mining activity within its territory and exhorted Lowell company to abandon its territory by November 1st of that same year. As the company refused to withdraw, on November 2nd 2006, Shuar members successfully expelled it. Yet, the concession still remains in force.