Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation Ltd. (RIICO) planned to set up a Special Economic Zone in Nawalgarh District of Rajasthan. Accordingly, in 2007 the state government notified 5,769 hectares of land for three major cement producing companies for their plants and auxiliary mines. It granted over 4,600 ha to Ultratech Cement of Aditya Birla Group, 780 ha to Shree Cement of Rajasthan and 825 ha to India Cements of Chennai .
Government had notified the land as barren land. However, many people depend on the agricultural products from the land. Farmers and local people have been continuously protesting against this land acquisition and other issues since 2010. Villagers formed “Bhoomi Adhigrahan Virodhi Sangharsh Samiti” for spearheading the land acquisition movement. The government has announce the compensation amount and even these companies can directly purchasing land from the farmers. Farmers alleged the compensation amount is not adequate and also not properly distributed. According to the protesting organization, beside the agriculture, the natural habitat of many wild animals will be severely affected if the industrialization took place. For example, Peacocks, the national bird of India are the natural habitant of the area. These birds will be extinct if the proposed industrialization takes place  The project would adversely affect the natural resources and environment of this area. That is the reason behind this massive protest by the farmers  Many middleman have acquired land at a throw away price. They adopt illegal and illegitimate way to acquire the land and sell it to the companies with huge profit margins. Government is not looking after these issues  A protesting organization ‘Nawalgarh Kisan Sangharsh Samiti’ along with farmer representatives, wrote a petition to the Union Ministry of Mines to cancel the land acquisition notification. With the petition, the Mines ministry set up a tribunal. The tribunal said the land acquisition notification was in contravention of the Mineral Concession Rules of 1960. According to the rule, companies need to get the consent of land owners before the government issues notification. Accordingly, the tribunal cancelled the notification in July 2009. The companies challenged the Tribunal’s decision in the Rajasthan High Court. The High Court ruled in the Company’s favour. Nawalgarh Kisan Sangharsh Samiti decided to move the high court and planned to call Mahasabha (large meeting of many villagers). The protesting organizations said that they will not give consent for the acquisition and may go for other means (may be violent) of protest .
With the people’s protest India Cement Ltd. has abandoned the project. The organizations stressed that they will continue this mass movement till the other two companies stop their plans and projects. The farmers have met the Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot five times and submitted their memoranda. However, they did not get any assurance from the Chief Minister .