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Oil Spill at Makaraba Village, Nigeria


Makaraba is a village in Garamatu clan in Warri South West Local Government Area of Delta State. Makaraba community is host to Chevrons Makaraba Flow Station. The people are predominately farmers.

Chevron began exploration and exploitation of oil activities in the community in 1980. On Monday, November 10, 2002, a major spill occurred at Chevrons facility, resulting in the pollution of Makaraba River and surrounding creeks, as well as the disruption of economic activities in the community. The local peoples demand for clean up and compensation have fallen on deaf ears.

Basic Data

NameOil Spill at Makaraba Village, Nigeria
ProvinceDelta State
SiteWarri South West Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil

Project Details and Actors

Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesChevron Nigeria Limited from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
from United States of America
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Landless peasants
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood


Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Development of AlternativesChevron should

-clean up the spill

-send relief materials and pay adequate compensation to the victims of this environmental tragedy.

-demonstrate corporate responsibility and good citizenship by cleaning the spill and respect the peoples rights to a clean and safe environment as guaranteed by Article 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights.

Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The peoples demands for clean up and compensation have fallen on deaf ears.

Sources and Materials


Article 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights


Knee deep in Crude Vol 2. A publication of Environmental Rights Action/ Friends of the earth Nigeria.

Meta Information

ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014