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Plantar CDM tree plantation project, Brazil


Plantar was founded in 1967 and produces eucalyptus to make charcoal to feed its own pig iron industry. Pig iron is a fundamental raw material for the automobile industry. The plantations are located in three municipalities (Curvelo, Felixlandia and Morada Nova de Minas), and occupy about 30 thousand hectares, but the company has probably more lands.

Plantar occupied lands in the same way as about 200 other plantation companies in the state of Minas Gerais, where much of the native cerrado vegetation has been cleared and deforested in the 1970s especially. In total, eucalyptus in Minas Gerais occupies about 1,5 million hectares At the companys arrival, in a process common in the region people were forbidden to use the commonly used flat lands, called chapadas for cattle grazing, or were evicted. Those families who resisted got fenced in the small valleys, where they faced all kind of difficulties to survive, especially for the lack of water. Water sources reduced tremendously after deforestation of cerrado vegetation. Conflicts have existed about a road close to Curvelo diverted by Plantar to set up its tree nursery. The status now is latent.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Plantar CDM tree plantation project, Brazil
State or province:Minas Gerais
Location of conflict:Curvelo
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Invasive species
Specific commodities:Carbon offsets

Project Details and Actors

Project details

The company has obtained extra finance selling carbon credits through the CDM for 11,000 hectares of eucalyptus plantations, approved in September 2010 by the Executive Board of the CDM. The carbon credits have been bought by investors in the Prototype Carbon Fund of the World Bank that supported initiatally the project, with participation of Rabobank International (Netherlands) and the Norwegian company Norsk Hydro and also the oil company Statoil.

Project area:about 30,000 ha
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Plantar S/A from Brazil
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Alert against the Green Desert Network, WRM

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession


Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Protest letters against the CDM project to the World Bank and to the executive board of the CDM, protest action in front of the World Bank in September 21st against the project.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:People who resist continue facing problems. The Carbon project of Plantar has been approved as CDM project by the Executive Board of the CDM in 2010. Plantar has built deep wells for those families without water, however continues planting eucalyptus in the same industrial plantation system.

Sources & Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Carrere, Ricardo (coord.), Certifying the uncertifiable: FSC certification of tree plantations in Thailand and Brazil, World Rainforst Movement, 2003,


Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

The carbon connection ()

Meta information

Contributor:winnie overbeek
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1081