The ecosystem restoration concession was issued in 2008 to the private company Restorasi Ekosistem Indonesia (REKI), which is a joint project of the conservation NGOs Burung Indonesia, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and BirdLife International. Also known as Hutan Harapan or the “Rainforest of Hope,” the concession encompasses over 98,000 ha of Sumatran lowland rainforest.
The project received funding by the German International Climate Initiative (ICI), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) and private donors like Singapore Airlines .
On the country level, as of March 2012, there were 44 applications for ecosystem concession license from private companies (Ministry of Forestry 2012). However, only two other licenses have been granted in addition to Restorasi Ekosistem Indonesia (REKI).
In the case of the Hutan Harapan Rainforest ER concession, there was a gap of two years between the time it received its first license for 50,000 ha in South Sumatra and its second license, for a forest block located in Jambi. During that time, an estimated 3,318 ha was occupied and converted to other uses such as palm oil plantations and agriculture.