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Sultanpur Dabas village Landfill site, Delhi, India


The landfill sites in Delhi are already saturated with the garbage and there is a major shortage of municipal waste disposal sites.

So, various municipal authorities are searching for alternate sanitary landfill sites to deal with the situation. According to Toxic Watch report, for North Delhi Municipal Corporation there is a proposal by DDA a 100-acre plot in Sultanpur Dabas. There are also many places identified for waste disposal sites. These sites are as follows, 150 acres in Pooth Khurd, 27.5 acres near Hamidpur village, 42.5 acres near Palla village and 62.5 acres between Palla village and Haryana border [3].

Looking at the shortage of landfill sites in the National Capital Territory (NCT), the Delhi High Court intervened and instructed Delhi Development Authority (DDA) to acquire new sites for urban waste disposal [1]. Court has directed DDA to give two of the four already identified landfill sites to the North Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC) and the South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC). In July 2014, the Court had directed the NDMC to acquire a site at the Sultanpur Dabas village in North West Delhi. Also it had directed that after acquiring the land NDMC should file a status report on the progress of the project [2, 3].

In August, 2014, local people gathered in a large number and held a protest against the NDMC’s plan to set up a sanitary landfill at Sultanpur Dabas village. They called for a ‘mahapanchayat’ (large gathering of villagers). In the meeting they have decided that they will oppose the decision of NDMC, as they termed it as “anti-village”. They are protesting the decision under the banner “Dehat Bachao-Khatta Hatao Sangharsh Samiti”. The local congress leaders (political party) who are in the opposition in NDMC had supported the movement [4].

In the meeting villagers were decided to initiate a signature campaign against the landfill site. They had decided that they will collect about five lakh signatures of villagers who are against the landfill site and submit their memorandum to Lieutenant-Governor of Delhi. However, NDMC officials said that the proposed land is yet to be allotted by the Delhi Development Authority [4].

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Sultanpur Dabas village Landfill site, Delhi, India
State or province:Delhi
Location of conflict:Village-Sultanpur Dabas ; Delhi
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Project area:40
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:500,000-1,000,000
Start of the conflict:2014
Company names or state enterprises:North Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC) from India
South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Delhi, Delhi Development Authority (DDA)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:“Dehat Bachao-Khatta Hatao Sangharsh Samiti”.
Toxic Watch Alliance
Indian National Congress (Political Party)

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:It is a point to be noted that the land fill sites should be located closer to the source from where it generates. If these sites are located close the transportation cost would be less [3].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:It is observed that localities where poor and less privileged people lives are selected for the possible landfills. This is perhaps done because of less resistance from people.

Sources & Materials

Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] DDA Releases Seven Sites For Solid Waste Management Facility

[2] HC asks DDA to hand over landfill sites to MCD

[3] Why will Delhi's poorer localities allow landfills to be situated in their proximity?

[4] Protests held against proposed garbage dump

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update10/10/2014



Protests against the landfill site at Sultanpur Dabas in North-West Delhi.

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