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Tectona monoculture tree plantations, Mozambique


Companys aim is produce timber and carbon credits. It arrived in 2007. Final destination of the raw material will be India. Members of the Magar, Macuacua, and Cotchi communities in the District of Guru were very dissatisfied with the company and are willing to claim their land.

,500 of 66,000 ha planned under use

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Tectona monoculture tree plantations, Mozambique
State or province:Zambezia
Location of conflict:districts of Guru, Milonga and Namorri
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:Cellulose
Carbon offsets

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Project area:66,000 ha (plan)
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:38 communities
Company names or state enterprises:Global Solidarity Forest Fund (GSFF) from Sweden - it is funded by Swedish and Norwegian Lutheran churches, and also the Dutch investment fund ABP is a partner.
Tectona Forest of Zambezia from Mozambique - it is owned by GSFF (Global solidarity forest fund)
Relevant government actors:Government of Mozambique: it concedes the land concession , declaration that concedes the right to use and profit from the land
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:UNAC (National Union of Peasants of Mozambique ) and Justicia Ambiental (Friends of the Earth Mozambique) made a preliminary report on land grabbing in Mozambique where the information of this case is based on

Conflict and Mobilization

Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)

Impacts of the project

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Still no concrete results

Sources and Materials

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Lemos, A. (coord.), 2011. Lords of the Land: preliminary analysis of the phenomenon of land grabbing in Mozambique. Justia Ambiental and UNAC, Maputo.

Meta information

Contributor:Winnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014