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City of Buenos Aires installs ‘anti-poor’ waste containers against wastepickers’ rights, Argentina


Description:

The City of Buenos Aires has installed smart waste containers in one of the main streets of the city. One of the ministers of the city admitted that the main reason was to avoid the rummage through the waste by wastepickers. Therefore, they decided to give visibility to the fact that this means a loss of access to waste for them. Without the access to waste, their livelihoods and the ones of their families are put at risk. The answer to this demonstration was violence from the part of the Municipality and no dialogue.

On April 15th, 2019, the Municipality of the city of Buenos Aires announced the instalment of 18 smart containers in one of the main avenues of the city [1]. The instalment of the so called “easy” containers was done by Veolia Argentina. Veolia is a company that provides environmental services worldwide [2]. In Buenos Aires, this company is in charge of the Public Service of Urban Hygiene, namely waste management. Veolia Argentina has the rights to provide these services since 1998. The 18 smart containers were installed in the Corrientes Avenue, which is full of bars, theatres and restaurants and is one of the main touristic and leisure places. The containers remain permanently closed and they can only be opened with a magnetic card. These magnetic cards were given to the neighbours of the area. The Municipality stated that these containers were installed to improve the waste collection service to the neighbours. However, the Minister of Public Space of the city admitted that the main reason was to avoid the rummaging through the trash by waste pickers [3].

Wastepickers reacted strongly. These containers don’t allow them to carry on their recycling activities, which provide their livelihood. For now, the 18 containers affect only part of the wastepickers but if the Municipality decides to install more smart containers it would affect a larger part of their community. As the president of the Argentinian Organization of Wastepickers (‘Federación Argentina de Cartoneros, Carreros y Recicladores -CTEP in Spanish) stated, there are 5,000 wastepickers registered in the Municipality and this would mean the loss of 5,000 families’ livelihoods in the City of Buenos Aires [4]. 

On April 16th, 2019, wastepickers demonstrated across the street where the containers were installed. With this demonstration they condemned the Municipality’s actions. They stated that the instalment of the “anti-poor” (anti pobres in Spanish) containers aims to hide the poverty of the city instead of looking for solutions. They claim that this is another way of persecution that they suffer, whilst questioning the Municipality investment decisions [1]. 

The response of the government to this demonstration was repression. Wastepickers had already agreed to demonstrate using on side of the Corrientes Avenue. As the waste pickers took the street, they were pushed away. The organizers of the demonstration talked to the head of the police forces, and when they had already agreed to leave, tear gas was thrown at them[5].

The Municipality didn’t have any comment on this incident. However, the Argentinian Organization of waste pickers announced that they will keep reporting these cases of persecution as they will keep fighting for a better recycling system in the city. They will keep pursuing an inclusive and social recycling system which takes waste pickers into account.

Basic Data

Name of conflict:City of Buenos Aires installs ‘anti-poor’ waste containers against wastepickers’ rights, Argentina
Country:Argentina
State or province:Buenos Aires
Location of conflict:Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Waste privatisation conflicts / waste-picker access to waste
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste

Project Details and Actors

Project details

6,000-7,000 tons of waste per day is the total domestic waste in the city of Buenos Aires.

Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:5,000-6,000
Start of the conflict:04/2019
Company names or state enterprises:Veolia Argentina from France - This company has the rights of the waste management of the city of Buenos Aires.
Relevant government actors:Municipality of the City of Buenos Aires: https://www.buenosaires.gob.ar
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Argentinian Organization of Waste Pickers (Federación Argentina de Cartoneros Carreros y Recicladores - CTEP in Spanish). https://www.facebook.com/fcartoneros/

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Informal workers
Local ejos
Wastepickers, recyclers
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of alternative proposals
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood

Outcome

Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Repression
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:There were no alternatives presented nor developed as there has been no dialogue.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The 18 smart garbage containers have been installed and more are planned to be installed. The Municipality of the city of Buenos Aires haven't considered the impact of these containers. Meanwhile, wastepickers' livelihoods are put at risk since they have no access to waste in the parts of the city where these anti-poor containers are used.

Sources & Materials

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[3] Website RT
https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/311963-basureros-inteligentes-anti-pobres-buenos-aires

[2] Veolia Argentina.
https://www.veolia.com.ar

[4] Federación Argentina de Cartoneros Carreros y Recicladores - CTEP, 2019
https://www.facebook.com/fcartoneros/

[1]Newspaper El Ciudadano
https://www.elciudadanoweb.com/en-la-ciudad-de-buenos-aires-pusieron-los-primeros-contenedores-anti-pobres/

[5] Website EN ORSAI
http://www.enorsai.com.ar/politica/27142-reprimieron-a-cartoneros-que-protestaban-contra-los-contenedores-anti-pobres.html

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Media Impact: Cronica TV.
https://www.cronicatv.com.ar/economia/Protesta-de-cartoneros-por-contenedores-de-basura-bajo-llave-20190416-0009.html?fbclid=IwAR0-rxvHp-Kthj3qYgtvEW7FhI9ARPqICTIlFUatW0JQPbndVyR4OF2QmVw

Media Impact: La Nación
https://www.lanacion.com.ar/buenos-aires/cartoneros-rechazan-contenedores-hermeticos-es-heladera-mata-nid2238956?fbclid=IwAR1Ont95iKYR61DTiS2mgoOoAPzLYScgqqQN6KGjihG8uq_2CAuVk4RvD_o

Media Impact: Clarin
https://www.clarin.com/ciudades/tension-policias-cartoneros_3_hSDjFBUw2.html?fbclid=IwAR1dj2iDKkhJE-PvAEoeYsw-VgOIltF_aASaF975K2kuCVQOjH8WbRWKDho

Media Impact: Diario Popular
https://www.diariopopular.com.ar/general/cartoneros-marchan-contra-la-instalacion-contenedores-inteligentes-n390985?fbclid=IwAR3A5RBcHsOmcfSoc48TnBdUOsdpcpjZA66tBzh3MtPkerToKRFgjz0HHLo

Meta information

Contributor:Valeria Calvas
Last update12/09/2019

Images

 

Demonstration of waste pickers in the city of Buenos Aires

https://www.facebook.com/fcartoneros/

Waste pickers march on the streets of Buenos Aires

https://www.facebook.com/fcartoneros/

The new 'anti-poor' garbage containers

https://www.facebook.com/fcartoneros/

Waste pickers march on the streets of Buenos Aires

https://www.facebook.com/fcartoneros/

The new 'anti-poor' garbage containers

https://www.facebook.com/fcartoneros/

Demonstration of waste pickers in the city of Buenos Aires

https://www.facebook.com/fcartoneros/