Poland gets 90% of its electricity from coal, much of it domestically produced. Polish government’s draft energy strategy favoured scenario involves getting 60% of electricity from coal in 2050. That means opening new coal mines. Lusatia, the central European region that spans Polish-German border, is estimated to hold the largest fossil fuel reserve in the European Union. In particular, the region is rich of lignite or brown coal, cheap but dirty to burn due to its high moisture content. The proposed mining plan of Poland’s state energy company (PGE) in the Lusatia region would raze 15 villages and include displacement of 3,000 people. Among other sites, it was planned to use a mining area of approximately 8000-hectare for an opencast lignite mine in Gubin and Brody. Grabice is another village located deep within the boundaries of the pit-to-be area. The main argument for opening mines used by Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk is to lower Europe’s dependence on Russian natural gas. However, the project is feared to cause significant negative environmental, health and climate impacts, warns Greenpeace Poland. Furthermore, in Western Poland, the land mostly state-owned and local farmers use it under the lease. After plans to build the mine were announced, the state refused to sell the land or prolong leases for some longer periods inducing increase in socio-economic uncertainty to local farmers. The local municipalities Gubin and Brody have already rejected the mine at a local referendum held in 2009, when three-quarters of their population voted against. Although it should be legally-binding, the central government might not respect it as it has been intending to include the mine in the regional (voivodeship) spatial plan. As farmers’ and regional authorities’ voices have not being respected, they started organising protests to communicate their grievances. In 2014, the local communities received international support when people from 28 different countries formed a 8km long human chain that stretched between the villages of Kerkwitz in Germany (also impacted by the plans to open new mines) and Grabice. In 2015, an environmental impact assessment for both mine and power plant started being prepared. However, same year, both municipalities elected mayors who are opponents of the mine. In addition, local communities got legal support by Frank Bold Foundations who submitted a complaint to the United Nations Aaarhus Committee arguing that local opinion was not taken account during the drafting of the current voivodship spatial planning. In August 2016 plans for the Gubice Brody mine was suspended by the Regional Directorate for Environmental Protection due to lack of adequate documentation and identified undercuts in details on environmental impact assessment. PGE has three years to submit the missing documents and to address the environmental concerns. The company did not quit from the project as it was confirmed in a note to media from May 2017 in which it stated planes to move forward after 2020 and build a nuclear plant instead of a coal power plant.