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Uzere Community Protest against Shell, Nigeria


Description

Uzere community is in Isoko South Local Government Area of Delta State. The community host Shell flow stations and 39 oil wells, with a daily production of over 56,000 barrels of oil.

Shell has operated in Uzere community for the past 52 years without any Global Memorandum of Understanding with Uzere Community. In Febuary, 2011, refused to honour the visitation by the community to discuss and sign the GMoU, so that people from the community can have a legal document of partnership with the corporation.

In October of the same year Uzere people sent a reminder to SPDC on the need of sign the GMOU with the community but both requests got no response from SPDC. On 29th November 2011 they therefore agreed to shut schools, markets and other commercial activities and trooped out en-masse to protest Shell negligence. Over 5,000 of the community people including women and children matched to the SPDC Uzere flow station in a peaceful protest. The company s reaction to the peaceful protest was violence as it called in the Nigerian Army, and allegedly instructed them to forcefully quell the protests. That incident led to the killing of three community members and over 100 injured. However, the Governor of the state has intervened in order to bring calmness to the area.

Basic Data

NameUzere Community Protest against Shell, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceDelta State
SiteIsoko South Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Gas flaring
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsAccording to the Nigerian National Bullentin 2010. Shell has oil fields in Uzere. Uzere East produce 623,180.36 Barrels of oil., 749,732.32 mscf of gas, and 1,572,873.09 Barrels of water.

Uzere West: Produce 790,197,58 Barrels of water, 596,238.11 mscf of gas and 981,553.01 Barrels of water.

Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date29/11/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesRoyal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigeria National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, Trade Unions, Nigerian Media

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFisher people
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Farmers
Women
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Religious groups
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Strikes
Occupation of buildings/public spaces

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Infectious diseases
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place

Outcome

Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesSPDC/JTF be compelled to redeploy soldiers from the community.

SPDC should respect and respond to the demands of Host Community by signing the GMoU.

SPDC/JTF must pay compensation for the properties damaged during the peaceful protest.

Delta State government be compelled to be transparent and responsive in the implementation of recommendations from the inquiry panel.

SPDC and the Nigerian Army should be compelled to take responsibility for the burial of the three dead community members.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Shell has not signed any GMoU for the community,and refuse to provide basic amenities. Community people are faced with daily pollution from Shells oil facility.

Sources and Materials

Links

Vanguard
http://www.vanguardngr.com/2011/11/3-dead-100-injured-as-delta-community-shell-clash-over-gmou/

Reporters365
http://reporters365.com/featured/shell-intimidation-leads-to-death-of-uzere-community-members/

Sahara reporters
http://saharareporters.com/report/when-kingdom-rises-against-its-king-peace-sight-delta-oil-rich-uzere-kingdom

National Mirror online
http://nationalmirroronline.net/new/uzere-crisis-community-leader-raises-alarm-over-threat-to-life/

OCNUS
http://www.ocnus.net/artman2/publish/Africa_8/Shell-Petroleum-Floods-Delta-Community-With-Soldiers_printer.shtml

Compass Newspaper
http://www.compassnewspaper.org/index.php/features/life-style/649-shells-messy-oily-fight-in-delta

Meta Information

ContributorGodwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014

Images

 

Conflicts between Shell Petroleum Development Corporation’s (SPDCs) and the Uzere community, Delta State, Nigeria